Aqidah MCQs

Belief in Divine Will and Human Free Will MCQs with Answer

The following are Belief in Divine Will and Human Free Will MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Belief in Divine Will and Human Free Will MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Belief in Divine Will and Human Free Will Online MCQs with Answers

What is the concept that suggests everything that happens is preordained by a higher power?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Atheism

Answer
B) Fatalism

Which belief holds that humans have the ability to make choices independent of divine intervention?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
C) Free Will

According to determinism, what governs all events, including human actions?
A) Chance
B) Divine intervention
C) Natural laws
D) Human choices

Answer
C) Natural laws

Which perspective asserts that both divine will and human free will can coexist?
A) Theological compatibilism
B) Atheism
C) Fatalism
D) Predestination

Answer
A) Theological compatibilism

Who is often associated with the concept of predestination in Islamic theology?
A) Buddha
B) John Calvin
C) Sigmund Freud
D) Charles Darwin

Answer
B) John Calvin

Which religious tradition emphasizes the importance of karma and free will?
A) Christianity
B) Buddhism
C) Islam
D) Judaism

Answer
B) Buddhism

In Christianity, the concept of original sin relates to human free will in what way?
A) It affirms human free will as the source of sin.
B) It denies the existence of free will.
C) It emphasizes predestination as the sole factor.
D) It equates human will with divine will.

Answer
A) It affirms human free will as the source of sin.

What philosophical tradition explores the idea of determinism and its implications for free will?
A) Existentialism
B) Nihilism
C) Hedonism
D) Stoicism

Answer
A) Existentialism

Which term describes the belief that God has already determined all events and outcomes?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Predestination
D) Agnosticism

Answer
C) Predestination

Which philosopher is known for his concept of “the will to power” and the idea of human agency?
A) Immanuel Kant
B) Friedrich Nietzsche
C) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
D) John Locke

Answer
B) Friedrich Nietzsche

In Hinduism, what is the term for the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth influenced by one’s actions?
A) Nirvana
B) Dharma
C) Moksha
D) Karma

Answer
D) Karma

Which perspective argues that divine foreknowledge and human free will are compatible?
A) Incompatibilism
B) Theological determinism
C) Theological compatibilism
D) Fatalism

Answer
C) Theological compatibilism

Who famously explored the concept of “theodicy” to address the problem of evil in a world with divine will and free will?
A) Thomas Aquinas
B) Voltaire
C) Karl Marx
D) Albert Einstein

Answer
B) Voltaire

Which religious tradition often incorporates the idea of “submission to God’s will”?
A) Hinduism
B) Buddhism
C) Islam
D) Sikhism

Answer
C) Islam

What term is used to describe the belief that human actions are determined by an external force or fate?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
A) Determinism

Which philosopher is known for his concept of the “categorical imperative” and moral duty?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche
B) Immanuel Kant
C) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
D) Søren Kierkegaard

Answer
B) Immanuel Kant

What term describes the belief that everything happens by chance without divine or human intervention?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Atheism
D) Randomness

Answer
D) Randomness

In Islamic theology, what is the concept of “Qadar” associated with?
A) Free will
B) Predestination
C) Karma
D) Nihilism

Answer
B) Predestination

What term refers to the belief that human actions are solely the result of their own choices?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
C) Free Will

Which perspective argues that divine will and human free will are fundamentally incompatible?
A) Incompatibilism
B) Compatibilism
C) Dualism
D) Nihilism

Answer
A) Incompatibilism

What term is used to describe the belief that God has a plan for every individual?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Predestination
D) Theodicy

Answer
C) Predestination

According to the doctrine of “original sin,” what is inherited by all humans?
A) Divine wisdom
B) Divine grace
C) Sinful nature
D) Free will

Answer
C) Sinful nature

Which perspective suggests that human free will is an illusion?
A) Determinism
B) Compatibilism
C) Existentialism
D) Nihilism

Answer
A) Determinism

Who is known for his philosophical works on the concept of “existential freedom”?
A) Jean-Paul Sartre
B) Albert Camus
C) Martin Heidegger
D) Simone de Beauvoir

Answer
A) Jean-Paul Sartre

In Sikhism, what is the term for the divine will or order that governs the universe?
A) Nirvana
B) Dharma
C) Hukam
D) Karma

Answer
C) Hukam

Which belief system emphasizes the concept of “self-determination” as a fundamental principle?
A) Stoicism
B) Humanism
C) Hedonism
D) Nihilism

Answer
B) Humanism

What term is used to describe the view that both divine will and human free will exist and operate simultaneously?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Compatibilism
D) Dualism

Answer
C) Compatibilism

Which philosopher is known for his theory of “tabula rasa” and the idea that humans have innate free will?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche
B) Immanuel Kant
C) John Locke
D) Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Answer
C) John Locke

What term is often used to describe the belief that human actions are predetermined and inevitable?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
A) Determinism

In Buddhism, what concept relates to the idea that suffering is a result of craving and attachment?
A) Nirvana
B) Dharma
C) Anatta
D) Tanha

Answer
D) Tanha

Which perspective asserts that divine will is the sole determinant of all events, including human actions?
A) Incompatibilism
B) Theological determinism
C) Theological compatibilism
D) Atheism

Answer
B) Theological determinism

What term is used to describe the belief that humans are inherently selfish and driven by their desires?
A) Altruism
B) Hedonism
C) Nihilism
D) Egoism

Answer
D) Egoism

Which philosopher is known for his concept of “the will to believe” and the role of faith in free will?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche
B) Immanuel Kant
C) William James
D) Søren Kierkegaard

Answer
C) William James

In Hinduism, what is the concept of “Dharma” related to?
A) Fate
B) Divine will
C) Moral duty and righteousness
D) Reincarnation

Answer
C) Moral duty and righteousness

Which belief system often incorporates the idea of “the will of the people” in governance?
A) Stoicism
B) Democracy
C) Hedonism
D) Nihilism

Answer
B) Democracy

What term describes the belief that human actions are determined by their environment and upbringing?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
A) Determinism

Which perspective argues that divine will and human free will are incompatible, creating a logical paradox?
A) Incompatibilism
B) Compatibilism
C) Dualism
D) Nihilism

Answer
A) Incompatibilism

What term refers to the belief that God has already determined who will be saved and who will be damned?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Predestination
D) Theodicy

Answer
C) Predestination

In existentialism, what concept emphasizes the responsibility of individuals to define their own existence?
A) Authenticity
B) Absurdity
C) Determinism
D) Fatalism

Answer
A) Authenticity

What term is used to describe the belief that all events and outcomes are determined by God’s divine plan?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Theodicy
D) Nihilism

Answer
C) Theodicy

Which perspective asserts that human free will is an illusion, as everything is predetermined?
A) Determinism
B) Compatibilism
C) Existentialism
D) Nihilism

Answer
A) Determinism

Who is known for his concept of “will to power” and the idea that power is a fundamental human drive?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche
B) Immanuel Kant
C) Jean-Paul Sartre
D) John Locke

Answer
A) Friedrich Nietzsche

In Taoism, what concept emphasizes living in harmony with the natural flow of events?
A) Wu Wei
B) Karma
C) Dharma
D) Hukam

Answer
A) Wu Wei

Which belief system often incorporates the idea of “the pursuit of pleasure” as a guiding principle?
A) Stoicism
B) Hedonism
C) Nihilism
D) Existentialism

Answer
B) Hedonism

What term describes the belief that human actions are solely determined by divine will, with no human agency?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Predestination
D) Theodicy

Answer
C) Predestination

In Sikhism, what is the ultimate goal of life that aligns with divine will?
A) Nirvana
B) Dharma
C) Hukam
D) Karma

Answer
A) Nirvana

Which perspective suggests that divine will and human free will are not mutually exclusive but can coexist?
A) Incompatibilism
B) Compatibilism
C) Dualism
D) Nihilism

Answer
B) Compatibilism

What term is often used to describe the belief that human actions are influenced by both internal and external factors?
A) Determinism
B) Fatalism
C) Free Will
D) Predestination

Answer
C) Free Will

Which philosopher is known for his concept of “the absurd” and the exploration of human freedom?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche
B) Immanuel Kant
C) Jean-Paul Sartre
D) John Locke

Answer
C) Jean-Paul Sartre

In Confucianism, what is the term for the moral and ethical principles that guide human conduct?
A) Wu Wei
B) Dharma
C) Li
D) Karma

Answer
C) Li

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