Aqidah MCQs

Belief in the Concept of Al-Ash’ariyah Theological School MCQs

The following are Belief in the Concept of Al-Ash’ariyah Theological School MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Belief in the Concept of Al-Ash’ariyah Theological School MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Belief in the Concept of Al-Ash’ariyah Theological School Online MCQs with Answers

What theological school is associated with the belief in Al-Ash’ariyah?
A) Hanafi
B) Ash’ariyah
C) Maliki
D) Shafi’i

Answer
B) Ash’ariyah

Who is the founder of the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school?
A) Imam Al-Ghazali
B) Imam Al-Ash’ari
C) Imam Malik
D) Imam Shafi’i

Answer
B) Imam Al-Ash’ari

Which branch of Islam does the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school belong to?
A) Sunni
B) Shia
C) Sufi
D) Kharijite

Answer
A) Sunni

What is the main focus of the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school?
A) Mysticism
B) Rational theology
C) Legal principles
D) Esoteric interpretations

Answer
B) Rational theology

Which important Islamic concept is emphasized by the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school?
A) Predestination (Qadr)
B) Intercession (Shafa’a)
C) Asceticism (Zuhd)
D) Jihad

Answer
A) Predestination (Qadr)

What does the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school say about human free will?
A) Humans have complete free will
B) Humans have no free will
C) Humans have limited free will within God’s divine plan
D) Free will is an illusion

Answer
C) Humans have limited free will within God’s divine plan

Which Islamic scholar was instrumental in reconciling Ash’ari theology with the broader Sunni tradition?
A) Ibn Taymiyyah
B) Imam Al-Ghazali
C) Ibn Arabi
D) Ibn Rushd

Answer
B) Imam Al-Ghazali

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah view on the Quran?
A) The Quran is created
B) The Quran is eternal
C) The Quran is the literal word of God
D) The Quran is symbolic

Answer
C) The Quran is the literal word of God

In Al-Ash’ariyah theology, what is the role of reason (aql) in understanding religious beliefs?
A) Reason is superior to revelation
B) Reason and revelation are complementary
C) Reason is irrelevant
D) Reason should be rejected in favor of blind faith

Answer
B) Reason and revelation are complementary

Which of the following is a common criticism of the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school?
A) It promotes excessive asceticism
B) It restricts human reason and inquiry
C) It rejects the authority of Hadith
D) It encourages polytheism

Answer
B) It restricts human reason and inquiry

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah stance on anthropomorphism (tashbih) in understanding God?
A) God can be understood through human-like attributes
B) God’s nature is beyond human comprehension
C) God is exactly like humans in form and attributes
D) God has no attributes

Answer
B) God’s nature is beyond human comprehension

Which of the following scholars was a prominent advocate of Ash’ari theology?
A) Ibn Khaldun
B) Al-Farabi
C) Al-Razi
D) Ibn Hajar

Answer
C) Al-Razi

What does the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school teach about the afterlife?
A) Souls are predestined for heaven or hell
B) Human actions determine the afterlife
C) Reincarnation is possible
D) Afterlife is a metaphorical concept

Answer
A) Souls are predestined for heaven or hell

In Al-Ash’ariyah theology, what is the significance of faith (iman)?
A) Faith is predetermined and unchangeable
B) Faith is a result of human choice and effort
C) Faith has no significance
D) Faith is irrelevant to salvation

Answer
A) Faith is predetermined and unchangeable

According to Al-Ash’ariyah, what is the nature of God’s attributes?
A) God’s attributes are separate from His essence
B) God has no attributes
C) God’s attributes are identical to His essence
D) God’s attributes are human inventions

Answer
A) God’s attributes are separate from His essence

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of divine justice?
A) God’s justice is beyond human understanding
B) Divine justice is based on human actions
C) God’s justice is arbitrary and unpredictable
D) Divine justice is nonexistent

Answer
B) Divine justice is based on human actions

Which area of study is highly emphasized in the Al-Ash’ariyah theological tradition?
A) Astronomy
B) Philosophy
C) Theology (kalam)
D) Medicine

Answer
C) Theology (kalam)

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah perspective on the status of prophets?
A) Prophets are ordinary human beings
B) Prophets are sinless and infallible
C) Prophets are divine beings
D) Prophets are irrelevant to faith

Answer
B) Prophets are sinless and infallible

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of eternity?
A) Everything is eternal
B) Only God is eternal
C) Eternity is an illusion
D) Time is eternal, but not the universe

Answer
B) Only God is eternal

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah stance on the createdness of the universe?
A) The universe is eternal
B) The universe is a creation of God
C) The universe is an illusion
D) The universe is self-created

Answer
B) The universe is a creation of God

Which of the following is a famous Ash’ari theologian?
A) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
B) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
C) Al-Baqillani
D) Al-Farabi

Answer
C) Al-Baqillani

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology approach the issue of divine attributes and their descriptions in the Quran?
A) Attributes are taken literally
B) Attributes are ignored
C) Attributes are metaphorical and symbolic
D) Attributes are considered irrelevant

Answer
C) Attributes are metaphorical and symbolic

Which famous Islamic scholar was a proponent of Ash’ari theology and also contributed significantly to Sufism?
A) Al-Farabi
B) Al-Ghazali
C) Ibn Khaldun
D) Ibn Rushd

Answer
B) Al-Ghazali

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of divine justice and mercy?
A) Justice and mercy are arbitrary
B) Justice and mercy are based on human actions
C) Justice and mercy are predetermined and unchangeable
D) Justice and mercy are irrelevant to God

Answer
C) Justice and mercy are predetermined and unchangeable

What does the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school say about the knowledge of God?
A) God’s knowledge is limited
B) God’s knowledge is infinite and all-encompassing
C) God has no knowledge
D) Human knowledge surpasses God’s knowledge

Answer
B) God’s knowledge is infinite and all-encompassing

According to Al-Ash’ariyah, what is the role of human reason in understanding God’s attributes?
A) Human reason can fully comprehend God’s attributes
B) Human reason is limited and cannot fully comprehend God’s attributes
C) Human reason is irrelevant to understanding God’s attributes
D) Human reason distorts God’s attributes

Answer
B) Human reason is limited and cannot fully comprehend God’s attributes

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of salvation?
A) Salvation is predetermined and cannot be changed
B) Salvation is earned through good deeds and God’s mercy
C) Salvation is irrelevant in Al-Ash’ariyah theology
D) Salvation is based on human desires

Answer
B) Salvation is earned through good deeds and God’s mercy

What does Al-Ash’ariyah theology say about the status of reason (aql) in religious matters?
A) Reason is the primary source of religious knowledge
B) Reason is secondary to revelation but still important
C) Reason is irrelevant in religious matters
D) Reason is superior to revelation

Answer
B) Reason is secondary to revelation but still important

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the relationship between faith and actions?
A) Faith is sufficient for salvation, actions are irrelevant
B) Faith and actions are both necessary for salvation
C) Faith alone is enough for salvation, actions are not necessary
D) Actions are more important than faith for salvation

Answer
B) Faith and actions are both necessary for salvation

Which theological school is in direct opposition to Al-Ash’ariyah within Sunni Islam?
A) Mu’tazilah
B) Hanbali
C) Maturidi
D) Zaidi

Answer
C) Maturidi

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah view on the nature of God’s speech in the Quran?
A) The Quran is created speech
B) The Quran is eternal speech
C) The Quran is symbolic speech
D) The Quran is human invention

Answer
A) The Quran is created speech

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the issue of divine attributes and their relationship with God’s essence?
A) Attributes are inseparable from God’s essence
B) Attributes are separate from God’s essence
C) God has no attributes
D) Attributes are illusions

Answer
A) Attributes are inseparable from God’s essence

What does the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school say about the nature of human actions?
A) Human actions are predetermined and uncontrollable
B) Human actions are entirely random
C) Human actions are a result of free will within God’s divine plan
D) Human actions have no consequences

Answer
C) Human actions are a result of free will within God’s divine plan

Which of the following is a core belief of the Al-Ash’ariyah theological school?
A) Reincarnation
B) Predestination
C) Polytheism
D) Atheism

Answer
B) Predestination

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology approach the issue of divine justice and human suffering?
A) Human suffering is a punishment from God
B) Divine justice requires human suffering for spiritual growth
C) Human suffering is a test from God
D) Divine justice and human suffering are unrelated

Answer
C) Human suffering is a test from God

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah perspective on the interpretation of religious texts?
A) Texts should be interpreted literally
B) Texts should be metaphorically interpreted
C) Texts should be rejected as unreliable
D) Texts should be ignored

Answer
A) Texts should be interpreted literally

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of sin?
A) Sin is a human invention
B) Sin is a result of human free will
C) Sin is predetermined and unavoidable
D) Sin is a meaningless concept

Answer
B) Sin is a result of human free will

What is the Al-Ash’ariyah perspective on the intercession of prophets and saints?
A) Intercession is rejected
B) Intercession is accepted and encouraged
C) Intercession is possible but not guaranteed
D) Intercession is limited to prophets only

Answer
B) Intercession is accepted and encouraged

According to Al-Ash’ariyah, what is the purpose of human existence?
A) To attain material wealth
B) To worship and obey God
C) To achieve personal happiness
D) To gain power and influence

Answer
B) To worship and obey God

How does Al-Ash’ariyah theology view the concept of divine guidance?
A) Divine guidance is limited to a select few individuals
B) Divine guidance is available to all through revelation and reason
C) Divine guidance is a human invention
D) Divine guidance is unnecessary

Answer
B) Divine guidance is available to all through revelation and reason

 

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