Hadith Studies MCQs

Hadith on Islamic Spirituality and Sufism MCQs with Answer

The following are Hadith on Islamic Spirituality and Sufism MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Hadith on Islamic Spirituality and Sufism MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Hadith on Islamic Spirituality and Sufism Online MCQs with Answers

What is the essence of Islamic spirituality and Sufism?
a) Strict adherence to rituals
b) Deep connection with Allah and purification of the soul
c) Accumulation of wealth
d) Isolation from society

Answer
b) Deep connection with Allah and purification of the soul

Which Prophet is often considered the spiritual father of Sufism?
a) Prophet Adam (peace be upon him)
b) Prophet Moses (peace be upon him)
c) Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him)
d) Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Answer
c) Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him)

What is the primary goal of a Sufi’s spiritual journey?
a) Accumulation of wealth
b) Fame and recognition
c) Nearness to Allah and achieving spiritual closeness
d) Worldly power

Answer
c) Nearness to Allah and achieving spiritual closeness

What is the term for the Sufi practice of seeking closeness to Allah through recitation, meditation, and reflection?
a) Fasting
b) Zakat
c) Dhikr
d) Hajj

Answer
c) Dhikr

Who is considered the founder of the Qadiri order, one of the prominent Sufi orders?
a) Imam Malik
b) Ibn Taymiyyah
c) Abdul Qadir Jilani
d) Ibn Khaldun

Answer
c) Abdul Qadir Jilani

What is the primary focus of the Naqshbandi Sufi order?
a) Fasting during Ramadan
b) Charity and Zakat
c) Dhikr and spiritual connection
d) Political activism

Answer
c) Dhikr and spiritual connection

What is the practice of Sufis journeying into the desert to seek spiritual awakening and guidance called?
a) Jihad
b) Ittihad
c) Khalwa
d) Zakat

Answer
c) Khalwa

Which Sufi order is known for its emphasis on music and poetry as a means of spiritual expression?
a) Chishti
b) Shadhili
c) Tijani
d) Qadiri

Answer
a) Chishti

Who was the famous Sufi poet known for his love and devotion to Allah and is often associated with the “Whirling Dervishes”?
a) Rumi
b) Hafiz
c) Attar
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
a) Rumi

What is the Arabic term for the spiritual concept of “annihilation in God” or “extinction of the self” often pursued by Sufis?
a) Fana
b) Shirk
c) Taqwa
d) Iman

Answer
a) Fana

In Sufism, what does the concept of “Tariqah” refer to?
a) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
b) A mystical path or way to reach spiritual goals
c) A pilgrimage to Mecca
d) A form of Islamic art

Answer
b) A mystical path or way to reach spiritual goals

What is the Sufi practice of spiritual supervision and guidance by a qualified spiritual mentor called?
a) Sharia
b) Dhikr
c) Ijazah
d) Tazkiyah

Answer
d) Tazkiyah

Which Sufi order is known for its emphasis on the silent Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and is associated with Imam Abu Hanifa?
a) Qadiri
b) Chishti
c) Naqshbandi
d) Tijani

Answer
c) Naqshbandi

What is the practice of “Muraqaba” in Sufism?
a) Visiting holy shrines
b) A form of meditation and contemplation
c) Group chanting and singing
d) Fasting during Ramadan

Answer
b) A form of meditation and contemplation

Who is the famous Sufi philosopher and theologian known for his work “The Incoherence of the Philosophers”?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
c) Al-Ghazali

What is the Sufi term for the mystical experience of witnessing the divine presence or receiving divine revelations?
a) Ihsan
b) Wahdat al-Wujud
c) Kashf
d) Istighfar

Answer
c) Kashf

Which Sufi concept advocates love and devotion as the central means of attaining nearness to Allah?
a) Tawhid
b) Taqwa
c) Ishq
d) Shirk

Answer
c) Ishq

What is the Sufi practice of self-mortification and austerity, often involving fasting and vigils, called?
a) Zuhd
b) Sufi dance
c) Sharia
d) Tariqah

Answer
a) Zuhd

Who is known as the “Tariq al-Baghdad,” or the “Way of Baghdad,” due to his significant influence on Sufism in the city of Baghdad?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
c) Al-Ghazali

What is the Sufi concept of “Wahdat al-Wujud”?
a) The idea that Allah’s existence is separate from creation
b) The oneness of existence, where everything is a manifestation of Allah
c) The importance of physical rituals in Sufism
d) The rejection of all forms of spirituality

Answer
b) The oneness of existence, where everything is a manifestation of Allah

Who is considered the “Ghawth,” or spiritual helper, in Sufi tradition?
a) The spiritual leader of a Sufi order
b) The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
c) A highly respected scholar
d) The head of the Sufi council

Answer
b) The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

What is the Sufi concept of “Qutb” or “Qutub”?
a) A spinning dance performed by Sufis
b) The spiritual leader of a Sufi order
c) A mystical journey into the desert
d) A form of silent meditation

Answer
b) The spiritual leader of a Sufi order

What is the Sufi practice of “Sama” or “Sufi music”?
a) The recitation of the Quran
b) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
c) A form of silent meditation
d) The listening to music and poetry to achieve spiritual ecstasy

Answer
d) The listening to music and poetry to achieve spiritual ecstasy

Which Sufi order is known for its practice of “whirling” or spinning in circles as a form of Dhikr (remembrance of Allah)?
a) Chishti
b) Naqshbandi
c) Mevlevi
d) Qadiri

Answer
c) Mevlevi

What is the role of a “Mureed” in Sufi tradition?
a) The spiritual leader of a Sufi order
b) The teacher or guide who imparts spiritual knowledge
c) The disciple or student seeking spiritual guidance
d) The person responsible for leading Sufi rituals

Answer
c) The disciple or student seeking spiritual guidance

Which Sufi order is known for its mystical poetry and its founder’s devotion to wine symbolism in poetry?
a) Qadiri
b) Chishti
c) Mevlevi
d) Shadhili

Answer
c) Mevlevi

What is the Sufi practice of “Muridism”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
c) The relationship between a Sufi teacher and disciple
d) The celebration of Sufi music and dance

Answer
c) The relationship between a Sufi teacher and disciple

What is the Arabic term for a Sufi monastery or retreat center where spiritual training takes place?
a) Zawiya
b) Masjid
c) Madrasa
d) Khanaqah

Answer
a) Zawiya

Who is the famous Sufi poet and philosopher known for his works on love and devotion to Allah, such as “The Conference of the Birds”?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
a) Rumi

In Sufism, what does the term “Tafsir” refer to?
a) The recitation of the Quran
b) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
c) The interpretation and commentary on the Quran
d) A form of silent meditation

Answer
c) The interpretation and commentary on the Quran

What is the Sufi practice of “Istighfar”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) Seeking forgiveness and repentance from Allah
c) Reciting poetry and music
d) Pilgrimage to Mecca

Answer
b) Seeking forgiveness and repentance from Allah

Who is known for introducing the concept of “Wahdat al-Shuhud,” which means “Unity of Witnessing” in Sufism?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
d) Ibn Arabi

What is the Sufi practice of “Ihsan”?
a) Charity and Zakat
b) The recitation of the Quran
c) Seeking spiritual excellence and doing good deeds with sincerity
d) Sufi dance

Answer
c) Seeking spiritual excellence and doing good deeds with sincerity

Which Sufi order is known for its emphasis on strict adherence to Islamic law and orthodoxy alongside Sufi practices?
a) Naqshbandi
b) Chishti
c) Shadhili
d) Qadiri

Answer
a) Naqshbandi

Who is known for the famous saying, “Die before you die,” emphasizing the concept of spiritual rebirth in Sufism?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
a) Rumi

What is the Sufi practice of “Tawassul”?
a) The recitation of poetry and music
b) Seeking intercession through the Prophet or saints
c) Charity and Zakat
d) A form of silent meditation

Answer
b) Seeking intercession through the Prophet or saints

What is the Sufi concept of “Tajalli”?
a) The recitation of the Quran
b) The manifestation or disclosure of the divine presence
c) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
d) Sufi dance

Answer
b) The manifestation or disclosure of the divine presence

Which Sufi order is known for its strong emphasis on discipline, ethical behavior, and purification of the soul?
a) Qadiri
b) Chishti
c) Naqshbandi
d) Shadhili

Answer
d) Shadhili

What is the Sufi practice of “Salat al-Tarawih”?
a) The special prayer performed during Ramadan
b) The recitation of poetry and music
c) Fasting during Ramadan
d) A form of silent meditation

Answer
a) The special prayer performed during Ramadan

What is the Sufi practice of “Dua”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) Seeking forgiveness and repentance from Allah
c) The recitation of the Quran
d) Supplication and prayer to Allah

Answer
d) Supplication and prayer to Allah

Who is known for his emphasis on the importance of the “Path of Love” in Sufism?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
a) Rumi

What is the Sufi concept of “Hajj”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) A mystical journey into the desert
c) The pilgrimage to Mecca
d) The recitation of the Quran

Answer
c) The pilgrimage to Mecca

What is the Sufi practice of “Zikr-i Kalami”?
a) Charity and Zakat
b) Recitation of poetry and music
c) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
d) Silent remembrance of Allah using the tongue

Answer
d) Silent remembrance of Allah using the tongue

What is the Sufi concept of “Nafs”?
a) The soul and ego that must be purified in the spiritual journey
b) The physical body
c) The heart and mind
d) The spiritual guide or mentor

Answer
a) The soul and ego that must be purified in the spiritual journey

Which Sufi order is known for its practice of “Dhawq,” or tasting the sweetness of worship?
a) Chishti
b) Qadiri
c) Naqshbandi
d) Shadhili

Answer
a) Chishti

What is the Sufi practice of “Mawlid”?
a) The study of Islamic jurisprudence
b) The recitation of poetry and music
c) The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday
d) Charity and Zakat

Answer
c) The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday

Who is known for his famous quote, “The lover is always alone with the one he loves” in Sufi literature?
a) Rumi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Ibn Arabi

Answer
a) Rumi

What is the Sufi practice of “Futuwwah”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) Seeking intercession through the Prophet or saints
c) Charity and Zakat
d) Ethical conduct and chivalry

Answer
d) Ethical conduct and chivalry

What is the Arabic term for the spiritual guide or mentor in Sufism?
a) Tariqah
b) Murshid
c) Zawiya
d) Fana

Answer
b) Murshid

What is the Sufi practice of “Istikhara”?
a) A form of silent meditation
b) Seeking guidance from Allah through prayer
c) Fasting during Ramadan
d) The study of Islamic jurisprudence

Answer
b) Seeking guidance from Allah through prayer

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