Fiqh MCQs

Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudence Fiqh MCQs with Answer

The following are Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudence Fiqh MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudence Fiqh MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudence Fiqh Online MCQs with Answers

What is the primary source of Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Sunnah
b) Quran
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas

Answer

Correct answer: b) Quran

Which term refers to the consensus of Islamic scholars on a particular issue?
a) Fatwa
b) Qiyas
c) Ijma
d) Sunnah

Answer

Correct answer: c) Ijma

What is Qiyas in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Consensus
b) Analogy
c) Precedent
d) Revelation

Answer

Correct answer: b) Analogy

Which school of thought is known for its strict adherence to the Quran and Hadith?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Maliki
d) Salafi

Answer

Correct answer: d) Salafi

Which school of thought emphasizes the use of reasoning and personal opinion?
a) Hanbali
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: d) Hanafi

What does “Fatwa” mean in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Prayer
b) Charity
c) Legal opinion
d) Pilgrimage

Answer

Correct answer: c) Legal opinion

Which of the following is not a category of Islamic legal rulings?
a) Mustahabb (recommended)
b) Makruh (disliked)
c) Sunnah (obligatory)
d) Fard (obligatory)

Answer

Correct answer: c) Sunnah (obligatory)

What is the term for the cleansing ritual before performing prayers in Islam?
a) Ijtihad
b) Wudu
c) Zakat
d) Shahada

Answer

Correct answer: b) Wudu

In Islamic law, what is “Istihalah” referring to?
a) Charity
b) Transformation of impure substances
c) Legal testimony
d) Jihad

Answer

Correct answer: b) Transformation of impure substances

Which pillar of Islam involves fasting during the month of Ramadan?
a) Zakat
b) Hajj
c) Sawm
d) Salat

Answer

Correct answer: c) Sawm

What does “Qasd” refer to in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Charity
b) Intention
c) Ritual prayer
d) Legal ruling

Answer

Correct answer: b) Intention

Which school of thought is predominant in Saudi Arabia?
a) Shafi’i
b) Hanbali
c) Maliki
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: b) Hanbali

What is “Istislah” in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Analogy
b) Consensus
c) Public interest
d) Legal testimony

Answer

Correct answer: c) Public interest

Which act of worship is considered the foundation of Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Fasting
b) Prayer
c) Charity
d) Pilgrimage

Answer

Correct answer: b) Prayer

What is the term for legal precaution and careful consideration in making a judgment?
a) Ijtihad
b) Ijma
c) Istihsan
d) Qiyas

Answer

Correct answer: a) Ijtihad

Which school of thought is known for its flexibility in interpreting Islamic law?
a) Hanbali
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: b) Maliki

What is “Istikhara” in Islamic practice?
a) A type of charity
b) Seeking guidance through prayer
c) Fasting during the month of Ramadan
d) Making a pilgrimage to Mecca

Answer

Correct answer: b) Seeking guidance through prayer

Which type of marriage involves a woman marrying more than one man at the same time?
a) Polygamy
b) Polyandry
c) Monogamy
d) Mut’ah

Answer

Correct answer: b) Polyandry

What is the term for the practice of using opinion-based reasoning to arrive at legal decisions?
a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Ijtihad
d) Sunnah

Answer

Correct answer: c) Ijtihad

Which school of thought is known for its reliance on local customs and practices?
a) Maliki
b) Shafi’i
c) Hanbali
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: a) Maliki

What is the term for unlawful or forbidden actions in Islam?
a) Fard
b) Makruh
c) Halal
d) Haram

Answer

Correct answer: d) Haram

Which school of thought is known for its strict adherence to the Hadith?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Maliki
d) Hanbali

Answer

Correct answer: b) Shafi’i

What is the term for the financial obligation of giving to those in need in Islam?
a) Zakat
b) Khums
c) Sadaqah
d) Fitrah

Answer

Correct answer: a) Zakat

Which school of thought is often associated with the Indian subcontinent?
a) Hanbali
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: d) Hanafi

What is “Istidlaal” in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Deduction
b) Ijtihad
c) Transformation
d) Rationale

Answer

Correct answer: a) Deduction

Which of the following is not a source of Islamic law?
a) Ijma
b) Sunnah
c) Qiyas
d) Taraweeh

Answer

Correct answer: d) Taraweeh

What is the Arabic term for pilgrimage to Mecca?
a) Sawm
b) Hajj
c) Salat
d) Zakat

Answer

Correct answer: b) Hajj

What is the term for a temporary marriage contract in Shia Islam?
a) Nikah
b) Mut’ah
c) Wali
d) Iddah

Answer

Correct answer: b) Mut’ah

Which school of thought is known for its strict interpretation of Islamic law?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Maliki
d) Wahhabi

Answer

Correct answer: d) Wahhabi

What is the term for the legal opinion of a qualified Islamic scholar?
a) Fatwa
b) Zakat
c) Sunnah
d) Ijma

Answer

Correct answer: a) Fatwa

Which school of thought is known for its emphasis on consensus?
a) Shafi’i
b) Hanbali
c) Maliki
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: a) Shafi’i

Which type of contract refers to the sale of goods for a higher price with deferred payment?
a) Murabaha
b) Istisna
c) Bai’ Salam
d) Ijarah

Answer

Correct answer: a) Murabaha

What is “Tahrimiyyah” in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Recommended act
b) Prohibited act
c) Permissible act
d) Obligatory act

Answer

Correct answer: b) Prohibited act

Which school of thought is known for its emphasis on individual reasoning?
a) Hanbali
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: c) Shafi’i

What is the term for a legal will according to Islamic law?
a) Sunnah
b) Wudu
c) Ijma
d) Wasiyyah

Answer

Correct answer: d) Wasiyyah

Which school of thought is known for its strict adherence to the Quran and Hadith?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Maliki
d) Salafi

Answer

Correct answer: d) Salafi

What is “Nikah” in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Pilgrimage
b) Charity
c) Marriage contract
d) Divorce

Answer

Correct answer: c) Marriage contract

Which type of legal ruling refers to a commendable or recommended action?
a) Fard
b) Sunnah
c) Haram
d) Makruh

Answer

Correct answer: b) Sunnah

Which school of thought is known for its reliance on the Hadith and consensus?
a) Shafi’i
b) Maliki
c) Hanbali
d) Hanafi

Answer

Correct answer: a) Shafi’i

What is the term for the mandatory alms-giving in Islam?
a) Sadaqah
b) Zakat
c) Khums
d) Fitrah

Answer

Correct answer: b) Zakat

Which school of thought is known for its emphasis on analogy?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Maliki
d) Hanbali

Answer

Correct answer: a) Hanafi

What is the term for the annual pilgrimage to Mecca?
a) Tawaf
b) Hajj
c) Umrah
d) Zakat

Answer

Correct answer: b) Hajj

Which type of contract involves leasing with an option to buy?
a) Ijarah
b) Murabaha
c) Bai’ Salam
d) Istisna

Answer

Correct answer: a) Ijarah

What is “Istisna” in Islamic finance?
a) Sale of goods for deferred payment
b) Leasing
c) Partnership
d) Sale of goods for immediate delivery

Answer

Correct answer: a) Sale of goods for deferred payment

Which school of thought is known for its emphasis on scholarly consensus?
a) Hanafi
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanbali

Answer

Correct answer: b) Maliki

What is the term for legal permission for a woman to remarry after divorce or death of her husband?
a) Iddah
b) Wali
c) Talaq
d) Khula

Answer

Correct answer: a) Iddah

What is “Qisas” in Islamic law?
a) Charity
b) Retaliation or equal punishment
c) A form of divorce
d) Fasting

Answer

Correct answer: b) Retaliation or equal punishment

Which school of thought is known for its emphasis on personal reasoning in absence of clear evidence?
a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Hanbali
d) Maliki

Answer

Correct answer: c) Hanbali

What is the term for the financial obligation of giving to relatives in need in Islam?
a) Zakat
b) Sadaqah
c) Khums
d) Silah

Answer

Correct answer: d) Silah

Which type of marriage involves a fixed-term contract in Sunni Islam?
a) Nikah
b) Mut’ah
c) Iddah
d) Khula

Answer

Correct answer: a) Nikah

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