Fiqh MCQs

Jihad and Just War MCQs with Answer

The following are Jihad and Just War MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Jihad and Just War MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Jihad and Just War Online MCQs with Answers

What does the term “Jihad” mean?
a) Holy war
b) Self-defense
c) Peaceful coexistence
d) Religious pilgrimage

Answer
b

What is the primary meaning of Jihad in Islam?
a) A struggle for personal growth and spiritual development
b) A call to arms for conquest
c) A form of terrorism
d) A method of spreading Islam by force

Answer
a

What is “greater Jihad” in Islam?
a) The struggle against external enemies
b) The internal spiritual struggle against one’s own weaknesses
c) A form of armed combat
d) The struggle for territorial expansion

Answer
b

What is “lesser Jihad” in Islam?
a) The internal spiritual struggle against one’s own weaknesses
b) The external struggle against injustice and oppression
c) A peaceful dialogue with people of other faiths
d) The practice of religious rituals

Answer
b

According to Islamic teachings, when is armed conflict permissible?
a) Anytime in defense of the faith
b) Only in self-defense or defense of the oppressed
c) Whenever the leader commands it
d) Only during times of peace

Answer
b

What is the concept of “Just War”?
a) Any war fought by a just ruler
b) A war that meets certain ethical and moral criteria
c) A war fought for economic gain
d) A war fought for religious purposes

Answer
b

Which Roman philosopher is often associated with developing the principles of Just War theory?
a) Plato
b) Socrates
c) Cicero
d) Aristotle

Answer
c

What is the principle of “Jus ad bellum” in Just War theory?
a) The just conduct of war
b) The reasons for going to war
c) The aftermath of war
d) The principle of proportionality

Answer
b

Which principle of Just War theory deals with the idea that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs?
a) Proportionality
b) Just cause
c) Right intention
d) Last resort

Answer
a

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Proportionality”?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
d) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority

Answer
c

What is the principle of “Jus in bello” in Just War theory?
a) The just conduct of war
b) The reasons for going to war
c) The aftermath of war
d) The principle of proportionality

Answer
a

What does the principle of “Discrimination” in Just War theory refer to?
a) The distinction between combatants and non-combatants
b) The use of tactics that cause maximum harm to the enemy
c) The idea that war should be fought with honor and dignity
d) The use of espionage and covert operations

Answer
a

Which principle of Just War theory emphasizes that force used in war should be proportionate to the threat?
a) Proportionality
b) Right intention
c) Just cause
d) Discrimination

Answer
a

What is the concept of “Preemptive War”?
a) A war fought in self-defense after an attack has occurred
b) A war fought to prevent a perceived future threat
c) A war fought for economic gain
d) A war fought for ideological reasons

Answer
b

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Last Resort”?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
d) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority

Answer
a

What is the principle of “Right Intention” in Just War theory?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
d) The principle that war should be fought for morally acceptable reasons

Answer
d

Which of the following is NOT a criterion of Just War theory?
a) Right intention
b) Proportionality
c) Retaliation
d) Discrimination

Answer
c

What is the Islamic concept of “Dar al-Islam”?
a) The land of the infidels
b) The land of warfare
c) The land of peace and submission to Islam
d) The land of trade and commerce

Answer
c

According to Islamic teachings, what is the primary purpose of Jihad?
a) To conquer new territories
b) To spread Islam by force
c) To defend the faith and fight against oppression
d) To establish a global Islamic empire

Answer
c

What is the concept of “Treaty of Hudaybiyyah” in Islamic history?
a) A treaty between Muslims and non-Muslims to establish peaceful coexistence
b) A treaty that allowed Muslims to freely practice their faith in a non-Muslim land
c) A treaty that marked the end of a major conflict between Muslims and non-Muslims
d) A treaty that promoted the spread of Islam through military conquest

Answer
c

What is the concept of “Dhimmi” in Islamic history?
a) A Muslim warrior
b) A non-Muslim living under the protection of an Islamic state
c) A term for an infidel in battle
d) A title for a Muslim scholar

Answer
b

What is the Islamic ruling on intentionally targeting civilians in war?
a) It is permissible as long as the cause is just
b) It is strictly forbidden in Islamic teachings
c) It is permissible only during defensive wars
d) It is permissible only if the civilians are aiding the enemy

Answer
b

What is the term “Collateral Damage” in the context of war?
a) The intentional targeting of enemy combatants
b) The unintentional harm caused to civilians and their property during military operations
c) The strategy of using civilians as human shields
d) The act of using deception to mislead the enemy

Answer
b

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Legitimate Authority”?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
c) The principle that war must have a just cause
d) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs

Answer
b

What is the concept of “Terrorism”?
a) A form of warfare endorsed by religious texts
b) The use of violence and intimidation to achieve political or ideological goals
c) The practice of unconventional warfare
d) A strategy of total war

Answer
b

What is the concept of “Guerrilla Warfare”?
a) A form of warfare endorsed by religious texts
b) The use of violence and intimidation to achieve political or ideological goals
c) The practice of unconventional warfare by small groups using hit-and-run tactics
d) A strategy of total war

Answer
c

What is the concept of “Just Cause” in Just War theory?
a) The reasons for going to war
b) The aftermath of war
c) The principle of discrimination
d) The principle of proportionality

Answer
a

What is the concept of “Terrorism”?
a) A form of warfare endorsed by religious texts
b) The use of violence and intimidation to achieve political or ideological goals
c) The practice of unconventional warfare
d) A strategy of total war

Answer
b

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Noncombatant Immunity”?
a) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
d) The principle that civilians should not be intentionally targeted

Answer
d

What is the concept of “Jus post bellum” in Just War theory?
a) The conduct of war
b) The aftermath of war and its implications
c) The reasons for going to war
d) The principle of proportionality

Answer
b

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Jus post bellum”?
a) The conduct of war
b) The aftermath of war and its implications
c) The reasons for going to war
d) The principle of proportionality

Answer
b

What is the concept of “War Crime”?
a) Violations of international law during armed conflict
b) Any act of warfare regardless of legality
c) The act of committing atrocities in war for religious reasons
d) The use of weapons of mass destruction in warfare

Answer
a

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Reasonable Hope of Success”?
a) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
d) The principle that war should not be undertaken if the chances of success are minimal

Answer
d

What is the concept of “Unlawful Combatant”?
a) A civilian who takes up arms to defend their home
b) A soldier who follows the laws of war
c) A combatant who engages in acts that violate the laws of war
d) A combatant who fights for a just cause

Answer
c

What is the concept of “Mercy Killing” in the context of war?
a) Killing enemy combatants
b) The act of ending the life of a terminally ill soldier to spare them from suffering
c) A form of assassination
d) A war strategy focused on minimizing civilian casualties

Answer
b

According to Islamic teachings, what are the conditions for a Just War (Jihad)?
a) Only Muslims can fight, and the goal must be the expansion of Islamic territory
b) The war must be fought for economic gain
c) The war must be declared by a legitimate Islamic authority, fought for just reasons, and conducted with proportionality and discrimination
d) Jihad can only be defensive, and offensive wars are strictly forbidden

Answer
c

What is the Islamic ruling on the use of weapons of mass destruction in war?
a) They are permissible if used against non-Muslims
b) They are permissible only if the enemy uses them first
c) They are strictly forbidden as they cause indiscriminate harm
d) They are permissible if used as a last resort

Answer
c

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Proportionality”?
a) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
d) The principle that force used in war should be proportional to the threat

Answer
d

What is the concept of “Excessive Force” in the context of war?
a) The use of proportionate force to achieve military objectives
b) The use of force necessary to end a conflict quickly
c) The use of force that goes beyond what is necessary and proportional
d) The use of force against an overwhelming enemy

Answer
c

What is the Islamic concept of “Jizya”?
a) A form of tax paid by non-Muslims living under Islamic rule
b) A form of almsgiving in Islam
c) A form of charity paid by Muslims to support the poor
d) A form of offering made during prayers

Answer
a

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Probability of Success”?
a) The principle that the benefits of war must outweigh its costs
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
d) The principle that war should not be undertaken if the chances of success are minimal

Answer
d

What is the Islamic concept of “Taqiyya”?
a) The act of practicing self-control during fasting
b) The act of concealing one’s true beliefs or identity under duress
c) The act of practicing charity in Islam
d) The act of performing the Hajj pilgrimage

Answer
b

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Public Declaration”?
a) The principle that war must have a just cause
b) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
c) The principle that war should be a last resort
d) The principle that war must be publicly announced before commencing

Answer
d

What is the Islamic ruling on using deceit or treachery in war?
a) It is permissible if used against non-Muslims
b) It is permissible only in defensive wars
c) It is strictly forbidden in Islamic teachings
d) It is permissible if it helps to achieve victory

Answer
c

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Self-Defense”?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war must have a just cause
c) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
d) The principle that war is permissible to protect oneself from harm

Answer
d

What is the concept of “Torture” in the context of war?
a) The use of violent tactics to instill fear in the enemy
b) The practice of using unconventional weapons in war
c) The act of intentionally causing severe pain or suffering to obtain information or compliance
d) The use of psychological tactics to manipulate the enemy

Answer
c

According to Islamic teachings, when is Jihad obligatory?
a) It is always obligatory for every Muslim
b) It is obligatory whenever a Muslim is physically able
c) It is obligatory only during times of peace
d) It is obligatory only for men

Answer
b

What is the concept of “Preventive War”?
a) A war fought to prevent an imminent attack
b) A war fought for economic gain
c) A war fought for ideological reasons
d) A war fought without any specific reason

Answer
a

According to Just War theory, what is the principle of “Preemptive Strike”?
a) The principle that war should be a last resort
b) The principle that war can only be waged by a legitimate authority
c) The principle that war must have a just cause
d) The principle that war is permissible to prevent an imminent attack

Answer
d

What is the concept of “Mercy” in the context of war?
a) The act of showing kindness and compassion to the enemy
b) The act of negotiating peace treaties
c) The act of showing mercy only to fellow Muslims
d) The act of avoiding conflict altogether

Answer
a

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