Fiqh MCQs

Judicial System and Court Proceedings MCQs with Answer

The following are Judicial System and Court Proceedings MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Judicial System and Court Proceedings MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Judicial System and Court Proceedings Online MCQs with Answers

What is the highest court in the United States?
a) District Court
b) Appellate Court
c) Supreme Court
d) Circuit Court

Answer
c

In a criminal case, the burden of proof rests on which party?
a) Defendant
b) Plaintiff
c) Prosecutor
d) Judge

Answer
c

Which type of law deals with disputes between individuals or organizations?
a) Criminal Law
b) Civil Law
c) Constitutional Law
d) Administrative Law

Answer
b

What is the term for a written legal order issued by a court?
a) Affidavit
b) Warrant
c) Subpoena
d) Summons

Answer
b

What is the purpose of a grand jury?
a) To determine guilt or innocence
b) To decide on the punishment for a crime
c) To hear evidence and decide whether to bring criminal charges
d) To mediate civil disputes

Answer
c

Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial?
a) First Amendment
b) Fourth Amendment
c) Sixth Amendment
d) Eighth Amendment

Answer
c

What is “voir dire”?
a) A type of legal document
b) The opening statement by an attorney
c) The process of selecting a jury
d) A formal request for evidence

Answer
c

What is the term for a legal document that commands a person to appear in court?
a) Warrant
b) Subpoena
c) Affidavit
d) Summons

Answer
b

What is the term for a panel of citizens who hear evidence in a trial and determine the verdict?
a) Judge
b) Jury
c) Witness
d) Defendant

Answer
b

What is the term for the statement by a defendant in a criminal case, formally stating guilt or innocence?
a) Opening statement
b) Closing argument
c) Plea
d) Affidavit

Answer
c

What is the principle that previous court decisions should be followed in future cases with similar circumstances?
a) Stare decisis
b) Habeas corpus
c) Subpoena
d) Affidavit

Answer
a

What is the term for a request for a higher court to review the decision of a lower court?
a) Appeal
b) Plea
c) Summons
d) Warrant

Answer
a

What is a “bench trial”?
a) A trial held in a park
b) A trial conducted without a jury, with the judge making the decision
c) A trial involving only one defendant
d) A trial held in a conference room

Answer
b

Which branch of the government is responsible for interpreting the law and ensuring justice?
a) Legislative branch
b) Executive branch
c) Judicial branch
d) Administrative branch

Answer
c

What is the term for a written accusation charging someone with a crime?
a) Indictment
b) Subpoena
c) Summons
d) Affidavit

Answer
a

What is the term for the questioning of a witness by the opposing attorney during a trial?
a) Direct examination
b) Cross-examination
c) Redirect examination
d) Indirect examination

Answer
b

What is the term for a legally binding order to do or not do a specific act?
a) Warrant
b) Injunction
c) Affidavit
d) Subpoena

Answer
b

What is the term for a request to have a higher court review the decision of a lower court?
a) Plea
b) Writ of certiorari
c) Summons
d) Affidavit

Answer
b

What is the term for the process of questioning potential jurors to select a fair and impartial jury?
a) Voir dire
b) Subpoena
c) Warrant
d) Indictment

Answer
a

What is the term for the formal charge of a serious crime, typically issued after a preliminary hearing?
a) Subpoena
b) Summons
c) Indictment
d) Plea

Answer
c

Which type of law deals with regulations set by government agencies?
a) Criminal Law
b) Civil Law
c) Administrative Law
d) Constitutional Law

Answer
c

What is the term for a legal document used to request the release of a person being held in custody?
a) Affidavit
b) Writ of habeas corpus
c) Subpoena
d) Summons

Answer
b

In a civil case, the party bringing the lawsuit is called the:
a) Defendant
b) Prosecutor
c) Plaintiff
d) Appellant

Answer
c

What is the term for a written statement made under oath?
a) Affidavit
b) Subpoena
c) Warrant
d) Indictment

Answer
a

Which type of court is responsible for reviewing decisions made by lower courts?
a) District Court
b) Appellate Court
c) Circuit Court
d) Supreme Court

Answer
b

What is the term for the formal announcement of a jury’s decision in a trial?
a) Verdict
b) Plea
c) Summons
d) Affidavit

Answer
a

Which term refers to a legal process where a party is summoned to appear in court?
a) Subpoena
b) Affidavit
c) Warrant
d) Summons

Answer
d

What is the term for a legal document that commands a law enforcement officer to take a specific action?
a) Subpoena
b) Warrant
c) Summons
d) Affidavit

Answer
b

What is the term for a formal request for a higher court to review the decision of a lower court?
a) Subpoena
b) Appeal
c) Warrant
d) Summons

Answer
b

What is the term for a formal order requiring a person to appear in court as a witness?
a) Warrant
b) Affidavit
c) Subpoena
d) Summons

Answer
c

What is the term for a person who brings a lawsuit against another in a court of law?
a) Defendant
b) Prosecutor
c) Plaintiff
d) Appellant

Answer
c

Which term refers to the process of presenting evidence and witnesses in a trial?
a) Cross-examination
b) Voir dire
c) Examination-in-chief
d) Summons

Answer
c

What is the term for a court order that requires a person to stop a specific action?
a) Warrant
b) Subpoena
c) Summons
d) Injunction

Answer
d

What is the term for the written decision of a court that states the judgment and reasons for the judgment?
a) Affidavit
b) Summons
c) Verdict
d) Opinion

Answer
d

What is the term for a legal principle that prevents a person from being tried for the same crime twice?
a) Double jeopardy
b) Habeas corpus
c) Subpoena
d) Plea

Answer
a

What is the term for the statement made by a lawyer summarizing the case and evidence?
a) Opening statement
b) Verdict
c) Affidavit
d) Plea

Answer
a

Which term refers to the process of questioning a witness after cross-examination?
a) Redirect examination
b) Voir dire
c) Direct examination
d) Examination-in-chief

Answer
a

What is the term for a court’s order to bring a person before the court, especially to determine if their detention is lawful?
a) Affidavit
b) Summons
c) Warrant
d) Writ of habeas corpus

Answer
d

What is the term for a legal document used to summon witnesses to testify in court?
a) Affidavit
b) Summons
c) Warrant
d) Subpoena

Answer
d

What is the term for the closing statement made by an attorney summarizing the case and requesting a verdict?
a) Opening statement
b) Direct examination
c) Closing argument
d) Plea

Answer
c

Which term refers to a written decision by a higher court to review the decision of a lower court?
a) Appeal
b) Affidavit
c) Writ of certiorari
d) Summons

Answer
c

What is the term for a court’s determination of a person’s guilt or innocence?
a) Indictment
b) Verdict
c) Subpoena
d) Warrant

Answer
b

Which term refers to the process of presenting evidence and witnesses to support a case?
a) Cross-examination
b) Examination-in-chief
c) Opening statement
d) Closing argument

Answer
b

What is the term for a court’s order to bring a prisoner to court to determine the legality of their detention?
a) Affidavit
b) Summons
c) Warrant
d) Writ of habeas corpus

Answer
d

What is the term for the formal request for a higher court to review the decision of a lower court?
a) Subpoena
b) Appeal
c) Warrant
d) Summons

Answer
b

Which term refers to the process of questioning a witness during a trial?
a) Direct examination
b) Cross-examination
c) Voir dire
d) Summons

Answer
a

What is the term for a formal statement by a defendant in a criminal case, pleading guilty or not guilty?
a) Opening statement
b) Closing argument
c) Verdict
d) Plea

Answer
d

Which type of law deals with the structure and functions of government?
a) Constitutional Law
b) Civil Law
c) Criminal Law
d) Administrative Law

Answer
a

What is the term for a court’s official decision or judgment in a case?
a) Affidavit
b) Verdict
c) Summons
d) Plea

Answer
b

What is the term for a court’s order that directs a law enforcement officer to take a specific action?
a) Subpoena
b) Warrant
c) Summons
d) Injunction

Answer
b

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