Fiqh MCQs

Laws of War and Treatment of Prisoners MCQs

The following are Laws of War and Treatment of Prisoners MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Laws of War and Treatment of Prisoners MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Laws of War and Treatment of Prisoners Online MCQs with Answers

The Geneva Conventions primarily aim to protect:
a) Criminals
b) Refugees
c) Victims of armed conflicts
d) Soldiers

Answer
c) Victims of armed conflicts

The Hague Conventions focus on regulating:
a) Nuclear weapons
b) Chemical weapons
c) Means and methods of warfare
d) Biological weapons

Answer
c) Means and methods of warfare

What is the principle of “distinction” in the laws of war?
a) Treating prisoners of war humanely
b) Differentiating between civilians and combatants
c) Using prohibited weapons
d) Surrendering unconditionally

Answer
b) Differentiating between civilians and combatants

Which document outlines the rights and protections for prisoners of war?
a) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
b) Geneva Conventions
c) Hague Conventions
d) Convention on the Rights of the Child

Answer
b) Geneva Conventions

What does the principle of “proportionality” in the laws of war mean?
a) Using excessive force against enemy combatants
b) Responding with force that is proportional to the threat
c) Treating all prisoners equally
d) Surrendering without conditions

Answer
b) Responding with force that is proportional to the threat

The principle of “neutrality” in the laws of war refers to:
a) Treating injured enemies without discrimination
b) Abstaining from taking part in hostilities
c) Using chemical weapons
d) Obeying the orders of superiors

Answer
b) Abstaining from taking part in hostilities

According to the laws of war, medical personnel and facilities should be:
a) Used as human shields
b) Given priority over military targets
c) Only used by enemy combatants
d) Taken as prisoners of war

Answer
b) Given priority over military targets

The principle of “noncombatant immunity” means that:
a) Civilians are always legitimate targets
b) Combatants cannot be targeted
c) Medical personnel cannot treat civilians
d) Civilians should not be targeted intentionally

Answer
d) Civilians should not be targeted intentionally

What is the purpose of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)?
a) Engaging in armed conflict
b) Providing humanitarian assistance
c) Developing weapons of mass destruction
d) Promoting military aggression

Answer
b) Providing humanitarian assistance

What is the term for the act of taking hostages during armed conflicts?
a) Ransom
b) Conscription
c) Kidnapping
d) Hostage-taking

Answer
d) Hostage-taking

The “Martens Clause” is a provision that emphasizes:
a) The use of nuclear weapons in warfare
b) The importance of medical facilities in conflict zones
c) The principles of humanity and the dictates of public conscience
d) The need for unrestricted warfare

Answer
c) The principles of humanity and the dictates of public conscience

The term “jus in bello” refers to:
a) Justification for starting a war
b) Just war theory
c) Legal principles during armed conflict
d) Surrendering unconditionally

Answer
c) Legal principles during armed conflict

What is the principle of “superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering”?
a) Using chemical weapons against combatants
b) Treating prisoners of war inhumanely
c) Avoiding actions that cause unnecessary harm
d) Targeting civilians intentionally

Answer
c) Avoiding actions that cause unnecessary harm

The “Conventions for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field” is commonly known as:
a) Geneva Conventions
b) Hague Conventions
c) Nuremberg Principles
d) Rome Statute

Answer
a) Geneva Conventions

Which document established the International Criminal Court (ICC)?
a) Hague Conventions
b) Geneva Conventions
c) Rome Statute
d) Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Answer
c) Rome Statute

What is the principle of “means and methods of warfare”?
a) The use of any tactics to defeat the enemy
b) The ethical conduct of soldiers
c) The use of prohibited weapons
d) The proportionality of force used in warfare

Answer
c) The use of prohibited weapons

Which term refers to the act of releasing prisoners of war before the end of hostilities?
a) Conscientious objection
b) Noncombatant immunity
c) Repatriation
d) Extrajudicial killing

Answer
c) Repatriation

The “First Protocol” to the Geneva Conventions focuses on:
a) Protection of medical facilities
b) Prohibition of chemical weapons
c) Rights and protections of civilians
d) Rights and protections of victims of non-international armed conflicts

Answer
d) Rights and protections of victims of non-international armed conflicts

What is the purpose of the “Red Cross” or “Red Crescent” emblem?
a) Marking military targets
b) Signaling a ceasefire
c) Identifying medical facilities and personnel
d) Indicating enemy combatants

Answer
c) Identifying medical facilities and personnel

The “Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment” is an international treaty that aims to prevent:
a) Chemical warfare
b) The use of mercenaries in conflicts
c) Torture and mistreatment of individuals
d) Forced labor

Answer
c) Torture and mistreatment of individuals

What is the principle of “reciprocity” in the context of treatment of prisoners?
a) Treating prisoners based on their social status
b) Treating prisoners as enemies regardless of their conduct
c) Treating prisoners with the same rights as civilians
d) Treating prisoners as they are treated by the enemy

Answer
d) Treating prisoners as they are treated by the enemy

The “International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission” is responsible for:
a) Promoting the use of chemical weapons in warfare
b) Investigating war crimes and violations of the laws of war
c) Providing military assistance to conflict zones
d) Enforcing sanctions against non-compliant states

Answer
b) Investigating war crimes and violations of the laws of war

The term “principle of humanity” emphasizes:
a) The pursuit of victory at any cost
b) The use of excessive force against enemy combatants
c) The importance of treating all individuals with compassion
d) The unconditional surrender of enemy forces

Answer
c) The importance of treating all individuals with compassion

The “International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” outlines:
a) The rights and protections of prisoners of war
b) The rights and protections of civilians in armed conflicts
c) The rights and protections of individuals during peacetime
d) The rights and protections of mercenaries

Answer
c) The rights and protections of individuals during peacetime

The term “reprisal” in the context of armed conflicts refers to:
a) Targeting enemy combatants intentionally
b) Using chemical weapons against civilians
c) A prohibited action taken in response to a violation of the laws of war
d) The unconditional surrender of enemy forces

Answer
c) A prohibited action taken in response to a violation of the laws of war

The “Convention on Cluster Munitions” aims to address the humanitarian consequences of:
a) Nuclear weapons
b) Biological weapons
c) Chemical weapons
d) Cluster munitions

Answer
d) Cluster munitions

What does the principle of “total war” entail?
a) Extermination of the enemy population
b) Focusing on civilian targets
c) The use of chemical weapons
d) Mobilizing all available resources for the war effort

Answer
d) Mobilizing all available resources for the war effort

The term “unlawful combatant” refers to:
a) A civilian who takes up arms against the enemy
b) A combatant who obeys the laws of war
c) A combatant who violates the laws of war
d) A person who does not follow the laws of war

Answer
c) A combatant who violates the laws of war

The principle of “human shields” involves using civilians to:
a) Provide medical assistance
b) Deliver humanitarian aid
c) Protect military targets from attacks
d) Provide intelligence to the enemy

Answer
c) Protect military targets from attacks

The “Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction” aims to address the issue of:
a) Biological weapons
b) Landmines
c) Cluster munitions
d) Chemical weapons

Answer
b) Landmines

What does the principle of “command responsibility” mean?
a) Commanding officers are not responsible for the actions of their subordinates
b) Commanding officers are responsible for the actions of their subordinates
c) Subordinates are not responsible for their actions
d) Subordinates are responsible for the actions of their commanding officers

Answer
b) Commanding officers are responsible for the actions of their subordinates

The “Convention on the Rights of the Child” outlines the rights and protections of:
a) Adult civilians
b) Soldiers and combatants
c) Children in armed conflicts and peacetime
d) Children of enemy combatants

Answer
c) Children in armed conflicts and peacetime

The term “perfidy” in the laws of war refers to:
a) Honorable conduct in combat
b) The use of chemical weapons
c) Treating prisoners of war humanely
d) Violating the rules of warfare by pretending to be a noncombatant

Answer
d) Violating the rules of warfare by pretending to be a noncombatant

The principle of “no quarter” involves:
a) Treating prisoners of war humanely
b) Refusing to take prisoners and offering no mercy to the enemy
c) Surrendering unconditionally
d) Providing medical assistance to the enemy

Answer
b) Refusing to take prisoners and offering no mercy to the enemy

What is the purpose of the “Geneva Gas Protocol”?
a) Prohibition of the use of chemical weapons
b) Regulating the use of landmines
c) Outlining the rights of prisoners of war
d) Prohibition of biological weapons

Answer
a) Prohibition of the use of chemical weapons

The “Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity” aims to prevent:
a) Amnesties for war crimes
b) The use of mercenaries in conflicts
c) Targeting enemy combatants intentionally
d) The use of torture

Answer
a) Amnesties for war crimes

The principle of “combatant’s privilege” pertains to:
a) Treating all combatants equally
b) Treating prisoners of war humanely
c) Granting immunity to enemy combatants
d) Allowing combatants to disobey orders

Answer
c) Granting immunity to enemy combatants

The “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” defines genocide as acts committed with the intent to:
a) Promote peace and stability
b) Protect cultural heritage
c) Destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group
d) Establish military dominance

Answer
c) Destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group

What is the principle of “universality” in the laws of war?
a) Universal jurisdiction for war crimes
b) Universal conscription for military service
c) Universal amnesty for war criminals
d) Universal exemption from the laws of war

Answer
a) Universal jurisdiction for war crimes

The term “war crime” refers to:
a) Legal actions taken during wartime
b) Violations of the laws of war that constitute serious breaches of international law
c) Actions that result in surrender
d) Actions taken by combatants to protect civilians

Answer
b) Violations of the laws of war that constitute serious breaches of international law

The “Prisoners of War Convention” outlines the rights and protections of:
a) Civilians in armed conflicts
b) Combatants during hostilities
c) Children in armed conflicts
d) Refugees

Answer
b) Combatants during hostilities

The term “common Article 3” refers to a provision that applies to:
a) International armed conflicts
b) Non-international armed conflicts
c) The use of nuclear weapons
d) The treatment of prisoners of war

Answer
b) Non-international armed conflicts

The “Additional Protocols” to the Geneva Conventions address issues related to:
a) Environmental protection in armed conflicts
b) The use of nuclear weapons
c) Treatment of prisoners of war
d) Victims of armed conflicts, including civilians and non-combatants

Answer
d) Victims of armed conflicts, including civilians and non-combatants

The term “prohibited weapons” in the laws of war refers to:
a) Weapons that are not effective in combat
b) Weapons that are allowed only for certain combatants
c) Weapons that cause unnecessary suffering or superfluous injury
d) Weapons that are reserved for specific types of warfare

Answer
c) Weapons that cause unnecessary suffering or superfluous injury

The principle of “reprisal” involves:
a) Using chemical weapons against enemy combatants
b) Responding to violations of the laws of war with proportional actions
c) Treating prisoners of war humanely
d) Surrendering unconditionally

Answer
b) Responding to violations of the laws of war with proportional actions

The “Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict” aims to safeguard:
a) Military installations
b) Cultural heritage sites and objects
c) Weapons of mass destruction
d) Medical facilities

Answer
b) Cultural heritage sites and objects

The “Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects” is also known as the:
a) Chemical Weapons Convention
b) Landmines Convention
c) Cluster Munitions Convention
d) Inhumane Weapons Convention

Answer
d) Inhumane Weapons Convention

The principle of “no reprisal” means:
a) Refusing to take prisoners of war
b) Treating prisoners of war humanely
c) Not engaging in retaliation against violations of the laws of war
d) Using prohibited weapons against the enemy

Answer
c) Not engaging in retaliation against violations of the laws of war

The term “right to remain silent” is relevant to:
a) Treatment of prisoners of war
b) Interrogation of enemy combatants
c) Reporting violations of the laws of war
d) Conduct of medical personnel

Answer
b) Interrogation of enemy combatants

The “Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict” aims to ensure the protection of:
a) Combatants
b) Refugees
c) Women and children in armed conflicts
d) Prisoners of war

Answer
c) Women and children in armed conflicts

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