Islamic History MCQs

Muslim Contributions to Architecture MCQs with Answer

The following are Muslim Contributions to Architecture MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Muslim Contributions to Architecture MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Muslim Contributions to Architecture Online MCQs with Answers

Who is known for the design and construction of the iconic Taj Mahal in India?

A) Shah Jahan
B) Akbar the Great
C) Babur
D) Aurangzeb

Answer

Answer: A) Shah Jahan

Which architectural style is characterized by the extensive use of geometric patterns, calligraphy, and arabesque designs in Islamic architecture?

A) Gothic
B) Baroque
C) Islamic
D) Neoclassical

Answer

Answer: C) Islamic

Who designed the Alhambra, a palace and fortress complex known for its intricate Islamic architecture in Spain?

A) Ibn Battuta
B) Abd al-Rahman I
C) Ibn Khaldun
D) Muhammad I

Answer

Answer: B) Abd al-Rahman I

Which famous mosque in Istanbul, Turkey, was designed by the architect Sinan and is known for its stunning domes and minarets?

A) Blue Mosque
B) Hagia Sophia
C) Süleymaniye Mosque
D) Selimiye Mosque

Answer

Answer: C) Süleymaniye Mosque

What is the name of the iconic leaning tower located in the city of Pisa, Italy, which was designed by Muslim architect Diotisalvi?

A) Leaning Tower of London
B) Leaning Tower of Venice
C) Leaning Tower of Rome
D) Leaning Tower of Pisa

Answer

Answer: D) Leaning Tower of Pisa

Which architectural feature is common in Islamic mosques and is used to call worshippers to prayer?

A) Dome
B) Minaret
C) Arch
D) Pillar

Answer

Answer: B) Minaret

Who is credited with the design of the Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain, which features a unique combination of Islamic and Gothic architectural elements?

A) Abd al-Rahman III
B) Al-Mansur
C) Ibn Hazm
D) Al-Ma’mun

Answer

Answer: A) Abd al-Rahman III

What is the name of the traditional Islamic courtyard or central open space found in many mosques and homes?

A) Minbar
B) Mihrab
C) Qibla
D) Courtyard

Answer

Answer: D) Courtyard

Who is known for designing the iconic Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco, which features the world’s tallest minaret?

A) Ibn Battuta
B) Muhammad V
C) King Hassan II
D) King Mohammed VI

Answer

Answer: C) King Hassan II

Which famous Persian architect is renowned for designing the Isfahan Grand Mosque and the Ali Qapu Palace in Isfahan, Iran?

A) Mimar Sinan
B) Ustad Mirak
C) Umayyad al-Hajjaj
D) Imam al-Shafi’i

Answer

Answer: B) Ustad Mirak

Which architectural feature is a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca and is used in prayer?

A) Minaret
B) Dome
C) Mihrab
D) Qibla

Answer

Answer: C) Mihrab

Who is credited with designing the iconic Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, one of the earliest examples of Islamic architecture?

A) Umar ibn al-Khattab
B) Saladin
C) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
D) Harun al-Rashid

Answer

Answer: C) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the name of the traditional Islamic arch characterized by its horseshoe shape and often used in mosques and palaces?

A) Gothic arch
B) Ogee arch
C) Horseshoe arch
D) Roman arch

Answer

Answer: C) Horseshoe arch

Who is known for designing the famous Al-Azhar Mosque and University in Cairo, Egypt, a center of Islamic learning?

A) Salah al-Din
B) Imam al-Shafi’i
C) Al-Mansur
D) Fatimah al-Fihri

Answer

Answer: D) Fatimah al-Fihri

Which architectural style is characterized by the extensive use of pointed arches and ribbed vaults, often seen in Gothic cathedrals?

A) Islamic
B) Romanesque
C) Gothic
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: C) Gothic

Who designed the famous Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, known as the Blue Mosque, which features stunning blue tiles in its interior?

A) Mehmed II
B) Suleiman the Magnificent
C) Selim II
D) Mehmed III

Answer

Answer: B) Suleiman the Magnificent

What is the name of the ancient rock-cut city in Jordan known for its impressive archaeological and architectural remains?

A) Petra
B) Palmyra
C) Persepolis
D) Ephesus

Answer

Answer: A) Petra

Who is known for designing the famous Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain, celebrated for its intricate Islamic architecture?

A) Umar ibn al-Khattab
B) Abd al-Rahman III
C) Nasrid Dynasty
D) Mimar Sinan

Answer

Answer: C) Nasrid Dynasty

Which architectural feature is a raised pulpit in a mosque used by the imam for delivering sermons?

A) Minbar
B) Dome
C) Mihrab
D) Qibla

Answer

Answer: A) Minbar

Who is credited with designing the famous Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, a former royal residence of the Ottoman sultans?

A) Suleiman the Magnificent
B) Mehmed II
C) Selim II
D) Mehmed III

Answer

Answer: B) Mehmed II

Which architectural style is characterized by its use of horseshoe arches and geometric patterns, often seen in Al-Andalus architecture?

A) Romanesque
B) Mudejar
C) Gothic
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: B) Mudejar

Who designed the famous Bibi Ka Maqbara in India, often referred to as the “Mini Taj Mahal” due to its similar architectural style?

A) Shah Jahan
B) Akbar the Great
C) Aurangzeb
D) Azam Shah

Answer

Answer: D) Azam Shah

What is the name of the iconic mosque in Damascus, Syria, known for its impressive minaret, the “Minaret of Jesus”?

A) Umayyad Mosque
B) Great Mosque of Mecca
C) Blue Mosque
D) Hagia Sophia

Answer

Answer: A) Umayyad Mosque

Who is known for designing the famous Faisal Mosque in Islamabad, Pakistan, one of the largest mosques in the world?

A) Zia-ul-Haq
B) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
C) King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
D) Benazir Bhutto

Answer

Answer: C) King Faisal of Saudi Arabia

Which architectural style is characterized by its use of pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses in medieval Europe?

A) Islamic
B) Romanesque
C) Gothic
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: C) Gothic

Who is credited with designing the iconic Dome of the Chain in Jerusalem, located near the Dome of the Rock?

A) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
B) Saladin
C) Al-Walid I
D) Harun al-Rashid

Answer

Answer: A) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the name of the famous Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran, known for its intricate design and fountains?

A) Alhambra Gardens
B) Taj Mahal Gardens
C) Bagh-e Eram
D) Generalife Gardens

Answer

Answer: C) Bagh-e Eram

Who is known for designing the famous Madinat al-Zahra palace-city in Spain, which was the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba?

A) Abd al-Rahman I
B) Al-Mansur
C) Ibn Hazm
D) Al-Ma’mun

Answer

Answer: B) Al-Mansur

Which architectural feature is a screened window with intricate latticework often seen in Islamic architecture?

A) Mashrabiya
B) Minaret
C) Mihrab
D) Qibla

Answer

Answer: A) Mashrabiya

Who is known for designing the famous Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) in Lahore Fort, Pakistan, adorned with intricate mirror mosaics?

A) Shah Jahan
B) Akbar the Great
C) Aurangzeb
D) Jahangir

Answer

Answer: D) Jahangir

What is the name of the ancient archaeological site in Iran known for its colossal stone columns and palaces?

A) Persepolis
B) Petra
C) Palmyra
D) Ephesus

Answer

Answer: A) Persepolis

Who is credited with designing the iconic Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) in Istanbul, Turkey?

A) Mimar Sinan
B) Sinan Pasha
C) Suleiman the Magnificent
D) Mehmed II

Answer

Answer: B) Sinan Pasha

Which architectural style is characterized by its use of massive stone walls, rounded arches, and small windows, often seen in medieval Europe?

A) Islamic
B) Romanesque
C) Gothic
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: B) Romanesque

Who is known for designing the famous Al-Rifa’i Mosque in Cairo, Egypt, known for its impressive dome and minarets?

A) Salah al-Din
B) Imam al-Shafi’i
C) King Farouk I
D) Muhammad Ali Pasha

Answer

Answer: D) Muhammad Ali Pasha

What is the name of the historic mosque in Istanbul, Turkey, known for its massive dome and stunning mosaics, which was later converted into a museum?

A) Blue Mosque
B) Hagia Sophia
C) Süleymaniye Mosque
D) Selimiye Mosque

Answer

Answer: B) Hagia Sophia

Who is credited with designing the famous Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, one of the largest mosques in the world?

A) Shah Jahan
B) Akbar the Great
C) Aurangzeb
D) Jahangir

Answer

Answer: C) Aurangzeb

Which architectural feature is a small niche in the wall of a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca, used for prayer?

A) Minbar
B) Dome
C) Mihrab
D) Qibla

Answer

Answer: C) Mihrab

Who is known for designing the famous Dome of the Chain in Jerusalem, a religious structure with historical significance?

A) Umar ibn al-Khattab
B) Saladin
C) Al-Walid I
D) Harun al-Rashid

Answer

Answer: C) Al-Walid I

What is the name of the ancient city in Saudi Arabia, known for its rock-cut tombs and architectural wonders?

A) Petra
B) Palmyra
C) Persepolis
D) Madain Saleh

Answer

Answer: D) Madain Saleh

Who is credited with designing the famous Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, UAE, known for its majestic white domes and minarets?

A) Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
B) Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
C) Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
D) Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Answer

Answer: A) Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

Which architectural style is characterized by its use of classical elements, symmetry, and proportions, often seen in European buildings of the 15th to 17th centuries?

A) Islamic
B) Romanesque
C) Gothic
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: D) Renaissance

Who is known for designing the famous Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque in Muscat, Oman, known for its impressive dome and Islamic architecture?

A) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
B) Sultan Haitham bin Tariq
C) Sultan Qais bin Abdul-Munim
D) Sultan Faisal bin Turki

Answer

Answer: A) Sultan Qaboos bin Said

What is the name of the famous archaeological site in Greece known for its iconic Parthenon temple and classical architecture?

A) Petra
B) Palmyra
C) Persepolis
D) Athens Acropolis

Answer

Answer: D) Athens Acropolis

Who is credited with designing the famous Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, a significant Islamic architectural landmark?

A) Umar ibn al-Khattab
B) Saladin
C) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
D) Harun al-Rashid

Answer

Answer: C) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the name of the ancient city in Turkey known for its well-preserved Roman architecture, including an amphitheater?

A) Petra
B) Palmyra
C) Ephesus
D) Persepolis

Answer

Answer: C) Ephesus

Who is known for designing the famous Al-Azhar Park in Cairo, Egypt, which features beautifully landscaped gardens and Islamic architecture?

A) Salah al-Din
B) Imam al-Shafi’i
C) Aga Khan IV
D) Muhammad Ali Pasha

Answer

Answer: C) Aga Khan IV

Which architectural style is characterized by its use of rounded arches, large domes, and Byzantine influences, often seen in early Christian churches?

A) Islamic
B) Romanesque
C) Byzantine
D) Renaissance

Answer

Answer: C) Byzantine

Who is credited with designing the famous Baitul Mukarram National Mosque in Dhaka, Bangladesh?

A) Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
B) Ziaur Rahman
C) Sheikh Hasina
D) Hafez al-Assad

Answer

Answer: A) Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

What is the name of the ancient archaeological site in Jordan known for its impressive Roman architecture and desert landscape?

A) Petra
B) Palmyra
C) Ephesus
D) Persepolis

Answer

Answer: B) Palmyra

Who is known for designing the famous Sultan Qaboos University in Muscat, Oman, which incorporates modern architectural elements?

A) Sultan Qaboos bin Said
B) Sultan Haitham bin Tariq
C) Sultan Qais bin Abdul-Munim
D) Sultan Faisal bin Turki

Answer

Answer: A) Sultan Qaboos bin Said

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