Fiqh MCQs

Public and Administrative Law

The following are Public and Administrative Law MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Public and Administrative Law MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Public and Administrative Law Online MCQs with Answers

What branch of law deals with the legal principles governing the actions of government agencies?
A) Criminal law
B) Administrative law
C) Constitutional law
D) International law

Answer
B

Which principle states that government actions must be based on established laws and procedures?
A) Rule of law
B) Due process
C) Legal positivism
D) Judicial review

Answer
A

What term refers to the power of courts to review and possibly invalidate governmental actions?
A) Executive power
B) Judicial review
C) Legislative authority
D) Administrative law

Answer
B

Which legal doctrine prevents the government from taking private property without fair compensation?
A) Due process
B) Eminent domain
C) Executive privilege
D) Habeas corpus

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal proceeding that allows a person to challenge the legality of their detention?
A) Extradition
B) Habeas corpus
C) Injunction
D) Arbitration

Answer
B

Which type of law focuses on the relationship between individuals and the government?
A) Civil law
B) Criminal law
C) Administrative law
D) International law

Answer
C

What’s the term for the process by which administrative agencies make and enforce regulations?
A) Legislation
B) Judicial review
C) Bureaucracy
D) Administrative rulemaking

Answer
D

Which doctrine allows government officials to withhold certain information for national security reasons?
A) Freedom of information
B) Executive privilege
C) Due process
D) Habeas corpus

Answer
B

What principle ensures that all individuals are entitled to fair and equal treatment under the law?
A) Due process
B) Equal protection
C) Judicial review
D) Executive privilege

Answer
B

Which legal principle requires that government actions must be authorized by law?
A) Rule of law
B) Due process
C) Judicial review
D) Eminent domain

Answer
A

What’s the term for the power of a court to hear a case for the first time?
A) Appellate jurisdiction
B) Original jurisdiction
C) Exclusive jurisdiction
D) Concurrent jurisdiction

Answer
B

Which term refers to the formal request to a higher court to review the decision of a lower court?
A) Writ of mandamus
B) Writ of certiorari
C) Writ of habeas corpus
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal order that directs a government official to perform a specific duty?
A) Injunction
B) Writ of mandamus
C) Subpoena
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
B

Which principle ensures that no person is deprived of life, liberty, or property without fair legal procedures?
A) Due process
B) Equal protection
C) Rule of law
D) Judicial review

Answer
A

What term refers to a court’s power to review decisions made by lower courts?
A) Appellate jurisdiction
B) Original jurisdiction
C) Exclusive jurisdiction
D) Concurrent jurisdiction

Answer
A

Which doctrine prevents individuals from suing the government without its consent?
A) Sovereign immunity
B) Due process
C) Judicial review
D) Writ of mandamus

Answer
A

What’s the term for the legal order that requires a person to appear in court or produce certain documents?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of habeas corpus
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
B

Which doctrine allows courts to refuse to enforce contracts that are against public policy?
A) Due process
B) Sovereign immunity
C) Exclusivity principle
D) Void as against public policy

Answer
D

What’s the term for a legal order that prohibits a specific action or behavior?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of mandamus
D) Writ of certiorari

Answer
A

Which principle ensures that government officials act within the limits of their authority?
A) Due process
B) Rule of law
C) Judicial review
D) Equal protection

Answer
B

What term refers to a court’s power to hear cases involving a particular subject matter?
A) Appellate jurisdiction
B) Exclusive jurisdiction
C) Concurrent jurisdiction
D) Original jurisdiction

Answer
B

Which principle requires government agencies to follow established procedures when making decisions?
A) Substantive due process
B) Procedural due process
C) Equal protection
D) Judicial review

Answer
B

What’s the term for the legal order that requires a person to be brought before a court?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of habeas corpus
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
C

Which doctrine allows the government to take private property for public use with just compensation?
A) Due process
B) Eminent domain
C) Exclusivity principle
D) Void as against public policy

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal order that prohibits a lower court from taking a certain action?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of prohibition
D) Writ of mandamus

Answer
C

Which principle requires that government actions must be fair and reasonable?
A) Equal protection
B) Substantive due process
C) Procedural due process
D) Judicial review

Answer
B

What’s the term for the legal order that compels a person to do a specific act?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of mandamus
D) Writ of certiorari

Answer
C

Which doctrine allows government agencies to interpret and apply the laws they enforce?
A) Rule of law
B) Judicial review
C) Chevron deference
D) Eminent domain

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a court to send its records for review?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of certiorari
D) Writ of habeas corpus

Answer
C

Which doctrine allows courts to determine the constitutionality of laws and government actions?
A) Sovereign immunity
B) Due process
C) Judicial review
D) Eminent domain

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that temporarily stops a lower court’s decision from taking effect?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of prohibition
D) Stay of execution

Answer
D

Which doctrine allows courts to follow past decisions and principles when deciding similar cases?
A) Precedent
B) Judicial review
C) Chevron deference
D) Eminent domain

Answer
A

What’s the term for a legal order that prevents a person from taking a certain action?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of prohibition
D) Stay of execution

Answer
A

Which principle prohibits the government from making arbitrary and unreasonable decisions?
A) Equal protection
B) Substantive due process
C) Procedural due process
D) Judicial review

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a person to provide evidence or testify in court?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of mandamus
D) Writ of certiorari

Answer
B

Which doctrine allows government agencies to interpret their own regulations?
A) Rule of law
B) Chevron deference
C) Judicial review
D) Precedent

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a lower court to send its records for review?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of certiorari
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
C

Which doctrine allows government agencies to make decisions within the scope of their authority?
A) Rule of law
B) Substantive due process
C) Deference principle
D) Eminent domain

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that temporarily prevents a lower court’s decision from taking effect?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Stay of execution
D) Writ of mandamus

Answer
C

Which principle ensures that government actions must treat individuals equally and without discrimination?
A) Equal protection
B) Substantive due process
C) Procedural due process
D) Judicial review

Answer
A

What’s the term for a legal order that prohibits a government agency from taking a certain action?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of prohibition
D) Stay of execution

Answer
A

Which doctrine allows courts to defer to the expertise of government agencies in certain matters?
A) Judicial review
B) Chevron deference
C) Precedent
D) Rule of law

Answer
B

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a person to do or refrain from doing a specific act?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of mandamus
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
A

Which doctrine allows courts to follow their own previous decisions when deciding cases?
A) Judicial review
B) Rule of law
C) Stare decisis
D) Eminent domain

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a person to appear in court to testify?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of certiorari
D) Writ of habeas corpus

Answer
B

Which doctrine allows government agencies to make decisions based on their own interpretations of laws?
A) Judicial review
B) Rule of law
C) Chevron deference
D) Stare decisis

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a person to be brought before a court to challenge their detention?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of habeas corpus
D) Writ of prohibition

Answer
C

Which doctrine allows courts to follow precedent even if they believe the precedent is incorrect?
A) Judicial review
B) Rule of law
C) Stare decisis
D) Eminent domain

Answer
C

What’s the term for a legal order that requires a person to refrain from taking a certain action?
A) Injunction
B) Subpoena
C) Writ of prohibition
D) Writ of mandamus

Answer
A

Which doctrine allows courts to interpret laws and regulations without deferring to government agencies?
A) Judicial review
B) Rule of law
C) Stare decisis
D) De novo review

Answer
D

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