Fiqh MCQs

Sources of Islamic Law: Ijma MCQs with Answer

The following are Sources of Islamic Law: Ijma MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Sources of Islamic Law: Ijma MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Sources of Islamic Law: Ijma Online MCQs with Answers

What is Ijma?
a) Personal opinion
b) Consensus of scholars
c) Legal analogy
d) Interpretation of dreams

Answer
b) Consensus of scholars

Ijma is derived from the Arabic root word meaning:
a) Reading
b) Praying
c) Agreement
d) Debating

Answer
c) Agreement

Which source of Islamic law is based on unanimous agreement?
a) Quran
b) Hadith
c) Sunnah
d) Ijma

Answer
d) Ijma

Ijma refers to the consensus of opinion among:
a) All Muslims
b) Religious leaders only
c) Scholars of a specific region
d) Knowledgeable scholars of the Muslim community

Answer
d) Knowledgeable scholars of the Muslim community

Which of the following is NOT a source of Islamic law?
a) Quran
b) Hadith
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas

Answer
d) Qiyas

Ijma holds significant importance in:
a) Civil law
b) Criminal law
c) Constitutional law
d) Islamic jurisprudence

Answer
d) Islamic jurisprudence

The consensus in Ijma refers to the agreement of scholars regarding:
a) Any matter
b) Matters of religious beliefs only
c) Matters related to governance
d) Matters of Islamic law

Answer
d) Matters of Islamic law

Ijma is often considered the third most important source of Islamic law after:
a) Quran and Sunnah
b) Hadith and Sunnah
c) Ijtihad and Qiyas
d) Quran and Hadith

Answer
a) Quran and Sunnah

The consensus of scholars is believed to be:
a) Fallible
b) Inflexible
c) Infallible
d) Irrelevant

Answer
c) Infallible

Ijma serves as a source of law when there is:
a) Disagreement among scholars
b) Direct contradiction with the Quran
c) No clear guidance in the Quran or Hadith
d) A majority opinion

Answer
c) No clear guidance in the Quran or Hadith

The consensus in Ijma is established through:
a) Voting among scholars
b) Rational deduction
c) Written declarations
d) Agreement among qualified scholars

Answer
d) Agreement among qualified scholars

Which term is often used interchangeably with Ijma?
a) Ijtihad
b) Qiyas
c) Shura
d) Ijtima

Answer
d) Ijtima

Ijma is considered a primary source of law in the:
a) Maliki school
b) Hanafi school
c) Shafi’i school
d) All major Sunni schools

Answer
d) All major Sunni schools

Ijma can be challenging to establish in modern times due to:
a) Global communication
b) Strong religious leadership
c) Diverse scholarly opinions
d) Technological advancements

Answer
c) Diverse scholarly opinions

Which of the following is NOT an example of Ijma?
a) Consensus on the prohibition of alcohol
b) Consensus on the exact wording of a specific Quranic verse
c) Consensus on the importance of prayer
d) Consensus on the acceptance of Zakat

Answer
b) Consensus on the exact wording of a specific Quranic verse

Ijma can provide legal solutions to new issues through:
a) Literal interpretation
b) Qiyas
c) Ignoring the issue
d) Rejecting new matters

Answer
b) Qiyas

The concept of Ijma is rooted in the idea of:
a) Obedience to rulers
b) Unity within the Muslim community
c) Promoting individual opinions
d) Exclusivity of religious leaders

Answer
b) Unity within the Muslim community

Ijma plays a vital role in the formation of:
a) Personal ethics only
b) Ethical guidelines for rulers
c) Legal principles and judgments
d) Rituals and prayers

Answer
c) Legal principles and judgments

The practice of Ijma involves agreement on matters that are:
a) Clearly stated in the Quran only
b) Clearly stated in the Hadith only
c) Not explicitly addressed in the Quran or Hadith
d) Specific to regional customs

Answer
c) Not explicitly addressed in the Quran or Hadith

Ijma can be overruled if:
a) A ruler disagrees with it
b) There is a stronger Hadith
c) The Quran contradicts it
d) It is outdated

Answer
c) The Quran contradicts it

The process of establishing Ijma involves:
a) A formal legislative body
b) Scholars debating in public
c) Widespread scholarly agreement
d) A public referendum

Answer
c) Widespread scholarly agreement

Ijma is mainly based on the collective wisdom of:
a) Early Muslim scholars
b) Legal experts
c) Contemporary religious leaders
d) Qualified scholars

Answer
d) Qualified scholars

The consensus of scholars in Ijma is often sought when:
a) There is a dispute over historical events
b) A matter is complex and not directly addressed in the Quran or Hadith
c) The ruling government requires it
d) A new Islamic sect emerges

Answer
b) A matter is complex and not directly addressed in the Quran or Hadith

The concept of Ijma emphasizes the importance of:
a) Personal desires
b) Individual rights
c) Community consensus
d) Scholarly disagreements

Answer
c) Community consensus

Ijma serves as a means to:
a) Promote diversity of opinion
b) Achieve uniformity in legal rulings
c) Challenge the authority of scholars
d) Encourage isolationism

Answer
b) Achieve uniformity in legal rulings

The practice of Ijma can be traced back to the time of:
a) Prophet Muhammad
b) Caliph Umar
c) The Umayyad dynasty
d) The Ottoman Empire

Answer
a) Prophet Muhammad

Ijma has played a significant role in shaping:
a) Modern science
b) Islamic art
c) Islamic finance
d) Global politics

Answer
c) Islamic finance

Ijma ensures consistency in Islamic law by:
a) Incorporating regional customs
b) Allowing individual interpretations
c) Ignoring the Quran and Hadith
d) Preventing conflicting legal rulings

Answer
d) Preventing conflicting legal rulings

The basis of Ijma lies in the principle of:
a) Personal opinion
b) Obedience to rulers
c) Independent reasoning
d) Unity of the Muslim community

Answer
d) Unity of the Muslim community

Ijma is essential for addressing legal issues that arise due to:
a) Technological advancements
b) Environmental concerns
c) Changing social norms
d) Artistic expressions

Answer
c) Changing social norms

The practice of Ijma is most closely associated with which branch of Islam?
a) Sunni
b) Shia
c) Sufi
d) Kharijite

Answer
a) Sunni

The authority of Ijma is grounded in the principle of:
a) Political power
b) Scholarly consensus
c) Direct divine revelation
d) Rationality and logic

Answer
b) Scholarly consensus

The concept of Ijma is closely related to the Islamic idea of:
a) Tawhid (monotheism)
b) Taqwa (piety)
c) Iman (faith)
d) Ummah (community)

Answer
d) Ummah (community)

Ijma can serve as a tool for:
a) Suppression of minority opinions
b) Encouraging individual interpretations
c) Religious innovation (bid’ah)
d) Promoting religious intolerance

Answer
a) Suppression of minority opinions

Ijma is often referenced in the context of resolving disputes related to:
a) Inheritance laws
b) Agricultural practices
c) Maritime trade
d) Foreign diplomacy

Answer
a) Inheritance laws

The consensus in Ijma can be reached through:
a) Online forums
b) Social media platforms
c) Written declarations
d) Oral agreements

Answer
c) Written declarations

Ijma can provide guidance on contemporary issues by:
a) Reinterpreting the Quran
b) Consulting non-Muslim experts
c) Using past legal precedents
d) Ignoring technological advancements

Answer
c) Using past legal precedents

The process of Ijma reflects the Islamic value of:
a) Tolerance
b) Individualism
c) Secularism
d) Unity

Answer
d) Unity

The concept of Ijma gained prominence during the period of the:
a) Rashidun Caliphs
b) Abbasid Caliphs
c) Umayyad Caliphs
d) Fatimid Caliphs

Answer
b) Abbasid Caliphs

Ijma is a manifestation of the Islamic principle of:
a) Shura (consultation)
b) Qadar (predestination)
c) Jihad (struggle)
d) Ihsan (excellence)

Answer
a) Shura (consultation)

The consensus of scholars in Ijma is primarily concerned with:
a) Religious rituals
b) Social etiquette
c) Moral values
d) Legal rulings

Answer
d) Legal rulings

Ijma can be challenged by:
a) Ordinary Muslims
b) Political leaders
c) Qualified scholars
d) Innovators (mujtahids)

Answer
d) Innovators (mujtahids)

The consensus in Ijma is typically achieved through:
a) Diplomatic negotiations
b) Judicial rulings
c) Rational deduction and agreement
d) Religious festivals

Answer
c) Rational deduction and agreement

Ijma is considered a reflection of the collective:
a) Dreams of scholars
b) Wisdom of the Prophet
c) Intelligence of Muslims
d) Reasoning of scholars

Answer
d) Reasoning of scholars

Ijma can be used as a basis for:
a) Rejecting new legal issues
b) Reinterpreting the Quran
c) Ignoring scholarly opinions
d) Formulating new laws

Answer
d) Formulating new laws

The concept of Ijma emphasizes the importance of:
a) Sectarian divisions
b) Rational consensus
c) Ethical relativism
d) Historical accuracy

Answer
b) Rational consensus

Ijma is grounded in the belief that:
a) Scholars are infallible
b) Islam is an evolving religion
c) Unity leads to strength
d) Quran is the only source of law

Answer
c) Unity leads to strength

The concept of Ijma highlights the importance of:
a) Personal interpretation
b) Community agreement
c) Divine revelation
d) Popular vote

Answer
b) Community agreement

Ijma can be difficult to establish due to:
a) Lack of religious scholars
b) Technological advancements
c) Widespread literacy
d) Political stability

Answer
a) Lack of religious scholars

Ijma ensures that Islamic law remains:
a) Static and unchanging
b) Relevant and adaptable
c) Limited to specific regions
d) Subject to individual preferences

Answer
b) Relevant and adaptable

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