Fiqh MCQs

Sources of Islamic Law: Qiyas MCQs with Answer

The following are Sources of Islamic Law: Qiyas MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for Sources of Islamic Law: Qiyas MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

Sources of Islamic Law: Qiyas Online MCQs with Answers

What is Qiyas in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Consensus
b) Analogy
c) Ijma
d) Sunnah

Answer

Correct answer: b) Analogy

Qiyas involves extending a ruling from an established case (Asl) to a new case (Far’) based on:
a) Personal preference
b) Intuition
c) Similarity of effective cause (Illah)
d) Random choice

Answer

Correct answer: c) Similarity of effective cause (Illah)

The primary sources of Islamic law are the Quran and the Sunnah, while Qiyas is considered a secondary source. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

Which Islamic scholar developed the concept of Qiyas and formalized its use in Islamic jurisprudence?
a) Imam Abu Hanifa
b) Imam Malik
c) Imam Shafi’i
d) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Answer

Correct answer: a) Imam Abu Hanifa

Qiyas is used to derive legal rulings when there is no explicit guidance from the Quran and Sunnah. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What is the fourth element of Qiyas, which is the ruling that is sought for the new case?
a) Illah
b) Far’
c) Hukm
d) Asl

Answer

Correct answer: c) Hukm

Which term refers to the case for which the ruling is already established and is used as a basis for analogy?
a) Far’
b) Illah
c) Hukm
d) Asl

Answer

Correct answer: d) Asl

Qiyas is based on the principle that legal rulings should remain fixed and unchanging. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

In Qiyas, what term is used for the effective cause that justifies the extension of a ruling from one case to another?
a) Asl
b) Illah
c) Hukm
d) Far’

Answer

Correct answer: b) Illah

Qiyas is employed mainly in matters where there is a clear and direct textual ruling from the Quran and Sunnah. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

What term is used for the new case (to which the ruling is extended) in Qiyas?
a) Asl
b) Illah
c) Hukm
d) Far’

Answer

Correct answer: d) Far’

Qiyas is often used in Islamic jurisprudence to address contemporary issues that were not explicitly addressed in the primary sources. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

Which school of Islamic jurisprudence is known for giving more importance to Qiyas in deriving legal rulings?
a) Hanafi
b) Maliki
c) Shafi’i
d) Hanbali

Answer

Correct answer: a) Hanafi

Qiyas requires a strong and clear analogy between the established and new cases. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

In Qiyas, what is the term for the effective cause that links the established case and the new case?
a) Asl
b) Illah
c) Hukm
d) Far’

Answer

Correct answer: b) Illah

Which Islamic scholar developed the concept of “Maslaha” (public interest) as an additional source of law, closely related to Qiyas?
a) Imam Abu Hanifa
b) Imam Malik
c) Imam Shafi’i
d) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Answer

Correct answer: c) Imam Shafi’i

Qiyas is used in Islamic jurisprudence to maintain consistency and fairness in legal rulings. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What is the term for a situation where a ruling from an established case is extended to a new case without considering the effective cause?
a) Talfiq
b) Taqlid
c) Istihsan
d) Qiyas al-Munfasil

Answer

Correct answer: d) Qiyas al-Munfasil

Which Islamic scholar is known for his emphasis on Qiyas as a source of Islamic law in the Hanbali school of thought?
a) Imam Abu Hanifa
b) Imam Malik
c) Imam Shafi’i
d) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Answer

Correct answer: d) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Qiyas can only be performed by qualified scholars who have deep knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that considers the effective cause (Illah) but not the specific ruling (Hukm)?
a) Qiyas al-Munfasil
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Mujmal
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: a) Qiyas al-Munfasil

Qiyas is limited to the cases explicitly addressed in the primary sources and cannot be used for new scenarios. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

In Qiyas, what is the term for the general ruling that applies to both the established and new cases?
a) Asl
b) Illah
c) Hukm
d) Far’

Answer

Correct answer: a) Asl

Which Islamic scholar is known for his emphasis on Maslaha (public interest) as a source of Islamic law, similar to Qiyas?
a) Imam Abu Hanifa
b) Imam Malik
c) Imam Shafi’i
d) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Answer

Correct answer: c) Imam Shafi’i

Qiyas is a rigid and inflexible method of deriving legal rulings. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that considers both the effective cause (Illah) and the specific ruling (Hukm)?
a) Qiyas al-Munfasil
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Mujmal
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad

Qiyas is primarily used in the Hanafi and Shafi’i schools of Islamic jurisprudence. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

In Qiyas, the Illah (effective cause) can be present in both the established and new cases. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that considers the effective cause (Illah) without specifying the ruling (Hukm)?
a) Qiyas al-Munfasil
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Mujmal
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: c) Qiyas al-Mujmal

Qiyas is a highly controversial method and is rejected by the majority of Islamic scholars. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

In Qiyas, the effective cause (Illah) must be explicitly mentioned in the Quran or Sunnah. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that considers the established case (Asl) without specifying the effective cause (Illah)?
a) Qiyas al-Munfasil
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Mujmal
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: d) Qiyas al-Mursal

In Qiyas, the effective cause (Illah) can be found in the established case but not in the new case. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What is the term for a legal maxim that states “The ruling for the unknown case follows the ruling of the known case”?
a) Qiyas
b) Istihsan
c) Istislah
d) Al-Qa’idah al-Fiqhiyyah

Answer

Correct answer: d) Al-Qa’idah al-Fiqhiyyah

Qiyas is often used to address modern issues and developments that were not present during the time of the Prophet (PBUH). True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that is unrestricted and can consider various aspects of the established case?
a) Qiyas al-Mujmal
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Munfasil
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: a) Qiyas al-Mujmal

Qiyas requires a high level of legal expertise and understanding of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

What term is used for a form of analogical reasoning that is restricted and focuses on specific aspects of the established case?
a) Qiyas al-Mujmal
b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad
c) Qiyas al-Munfasil
d) Qiyas al-Mursal

Answer

Correct answer: b) Qiyas al-Muqayyad

Qiyas can be used to arrive at a new ruling even if the effective cause (Illah) is absent in both cases. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

Which term refers to the process of jurists using their own reasoning to arrive at legal decisions when no explicit ruling is found in the primary sources?
a) Qiyas
b) Ijma
c) Istihsan
d) Ijtihad

Answer

Correct answer: d) Ijtihad

Qiyas is a purely mechanical process that does not require interpretation or understanding of underlying principles. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

In Qiyas, the established case (Asl) must share both the ruling (Hukm) and the effective cause (Illah) with the new case. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

Which term refers to the process of jurists preferring the opinion that is in the best interest of the community, even if it goes against literal interpretation?
a) Qiyas
b) Istihsan
c) Ijma
d) Ijtihad

Answer

Correct answer: b) Istihsan

Qiyas is a method used to derive legal rulings based on explicit textual evidence from the Quran and Sunnah. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

Which term refers to the consensus of Islamic scholars on a particular legal issue?
a) Qiyas
b) Istihsan
c) Ijma
d) Ijtihad

Answer

Correct answer: c) Ijma

Qiyas can lead to different interpretations and rulings based on the perspectives of different scholars. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

Which term refers to the consensus of Islamic scholars on a particular legal issue?
a) Qiyas
b) Istihsan
c) Ijma
d) Ijtihad

Answer

Correct answer: c) Ijma

Qiyas is mainly used for deriving legal rulings related to acts of worship and rituals. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: b) False

Which term refers to the independent scholarly effort to deduce legal rulings from the primary sources of Islamic law?
a) Qiyas
b) Istihsan
c) Ijma
d) Ijtihad

Answer

Correct answer: d) Ijtihad

Qiyas can sometimes conflict with the spirit and objectives of Islamic law, leading to ethical dilemmas. True or false?
a) True
b) False

Answer

Correct answer: a) True

 

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