Islamic History MCQs

The Abbasid Caliphate MCQs with Answer

The following are The Abbasid Caliphate MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Abbasid Caliphate MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Abbasid Caliphate Online MCQs with Answers

Who was the founder of the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Ali ibn Abi Talib
c) Abu Bakr al-Siddiq
d) Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah

Answer
d) Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah

During which century did the Abbasid Caliphate reach its zenith in terms of cultural and scientific achievements?
a) 6th century
b) 8th century
c) 10th century
d) 12th century

Answer
c) 10th century

Which city served as the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Mecca
b) Medina
c) Baghdad
d) Damascus

Answer
c) Baghdad

Who is known as the “Golden Caliph” of the Abbasid Caliphate due to his patronage of art and culture?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
a) Harun al-Rashid

Which famous work of literature is set during the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid and features tales of Scheherazade?
a) The Iliad
b) The Odyssey
c) One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights)
d) The Divine Comedy

Answer
c) One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights)

What was the name of the round city built by Caliph al-Mansur as the original core of Baghdad?
a) Al-Andalus
b) Alhambra
c) Al-Mansuriya
d) Al-Khwarizmi

Answer
c) Al-Mansuriya

Who is credited with translating many Greek and Roman texts into Arabic during the Abbasid Caliphate, helping preserve classical knowledge?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Hunayn ibn Ishaq

Answer
d) Hunayn ibn Ishaq

Which Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate established the House of Wisdom, a major center for translating and preserving ancient texts?
a) Al-Mamun
b) Al-Mansur
c) Al-Mu’tasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
a) Al-Mamun

Who was the most famous scholar associated with the House of Wisdom and known for his contributions to mathematics, including the term “algebra”?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Khwarizmi
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
c) Al-Khwarizmi

What important work by the Persian scholar Ibn al-Haytham, known as Alhazen in Latin, influenced the field of optics and vision?
a) “The Book of Healing”
b) “The Canon of Medicine”
c) “The Book of Optics”
d) “The Muqaddimah”

Answer
c) “The Book of Optics”

During the Abbasid Caliphate, which religious group experienced significant expansion and cultural achievements in fields such as philosophy and science?
a) Sunni Muslims
b) Shiite Muslims
c) Sufi mystics
d) Jewish scholars

Answer
d) Jewish scholars

What is the name of the famous Islamic scholar and physician who authored the medical encyclopedia “Kitab al-Hawi”?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)

Which famous Abbasid Caliph promoted the translation of Greek and Roman texts, leading to the translation movement in the House of Wisdom?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
b) Al-Mamun

What branch of mathematics was significantly advanced by Islamic scholars during the Abbasid Caliphate, leading to developments in algebra and trigonometry?
a) Geometry
b) Algebra
c) Calculus
d) Statistics

Answer
b) Algebra

Who was the famous Persian polymath known for his contributions to various fields, including astronomy, mathematics, and poetry, during the Abbasid era?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Omar Khayyam

Answer
d) Omar Khayyam

What is the term for the extensive network of trade routes that facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Silk Road
b) Spice Route
c) Trans-Saharan Trade
d) Mediterranean Trade

Answer
a) Silk Road

Who is known for his famous work “The Book of Healing,” a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

What is the term for the art of intricate paper-folding, often associated with Islamic culture and mathematics?
a) Origami
b) Calligraphy
c) Mosaic
d) Tessellation

Answer
a) Origami

Who is known for his work on the concept of free will and determinism in Islamic philosophy during the Abbasid era?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
a) Al-Farabi

What is the term for the art of intricate geometric patterns and designs used in Islamic art and architecture?
a) Arabesque
b) Cubism
c) Surrealism
d) Islamic

Answer
a) Arabesque

Who is known for his work on the concept of free will and determinism in Islamic philosophy during the Abbasid era?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
a) Al-Farabi

Which field of study was significantly influenced by Islamic scholars during the Abbasid Caliphate, leading to advancements in navigation and exploration?
a) Cartography
b) Paleontology
c) Botany
d) Sociology

Answer
a) Cartography

What is the term for the extensive collection of hadith (sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad) compiled during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Tafsir
b) Ijma
c) Sunnah
d) Hadith

Answer
d) Hadith

Which Islamic philosopher and theologian played a significant role in reconciling Greek philosophy with Islamic thought during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

What is the term for the decorative, tiled mosaic often found in Islamic architecture, especially in mosques?
a) Fresco
b) Stained glass
c) Iznik
d) Mosaic

Answer
c) Iznik

Who is known for his pioneering work in the field of optics, including the study of lenses and the principles of refraction?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen)

Answer
d) Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen)

What is the term for the decorative script used in Islamic calligraphy, often used for Quranic verses and religious texts?
a) Cursive
b) Nastaliq
c) Kufic
d) Roman

Answer
c) Kufic

Which Islamic scholar and physician is known for his contributions to the field of ophthalmology and the treatment of eye diseases?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen)

Answer
d) Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen)

What is the term for the Islamic practice of charitable giving and almsgiving, which played a significant role in supporting scholarship and the needy during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Zakat
b) Ijma
c) Hajj
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Zakat

Who is known for his work “The Book of Healing,” a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

What is the term for the art of storytelling and oral tradition, which thrived during the Abbasid Caliphate and contributed to the preservation of cultural narratives?
a) Calligraphy
b) Tafsir
c) Oral history
d) Sunnah

Answer
c) Oral history

Who was the famous Abbasid Caliph credited with promoting the translation of Greek, Roman, and Indian texts into Arabic, thus preserving and transmitting knowledge?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
b) Al-Mamun

What is the term for the system of legal principles and judgments based on Islamic law, which played a central role in Islamic governance during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Sharia
b) Fiqh
c) Ijtihad
d) Fatwa

Answer
a) Sharia

Which Abbasid Caliph is known for his significant contributions to the field of music, including inventing musical instruments?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
d) Al-Mu’tadid

What was the term for non-Arab converts to Islam who often faced discrimination and were sometimes referred to as “clients”?
a) Mawali
b) Ulama
c) Sufis
d) Emirs

Answer
a) Mawali

Which famous traveler from Morocco journeyed extensively through the Abbasid Caliphate and beyond, documenting his experiences in the travelogue “Rihla”?
a) Ibn Battuta
b) Marco Polo
c) Zheng He
d) Christopher Columbus

Answer
a) Ibn Battuta

What architectural feature is commonly found in Abbasid mosques and serves as a niche indicating the direction of Mecca for prayer?
a) Minbar
b) Minaret
c) Mihrab
d) Mihra

Answer
c) Mihrab

Which Abbasid Caliph is known for his efforts to suppress the use of images, leading to the destruction of artwork and the practice of iconoclasm?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
c) Al-Mutasim

What is the term for the religious pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which played a significant role in the cultural exchange during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Hajj
b) Umrah
c) Zakat
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Hajj

Who was the first Abbasid Caliph to take the title “Caliph of the East and the West” and establish diplomatic relations with Charlemagne?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
a) Harun al-Rashid

What famous battle in 750 CE marked the end of the Umayyad Caliphate and the rise of the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Battle of Siffin
b) Battle of Tours
c) Battle of Karbala
d) Battle of the Zab

Answer
d) Battle of the Zab

Who is known for his famous work “The Book of Healing,” a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Al-Farabi
b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

What is the term for the Islamic practice of charitable giving and almsgiving, which played a significant role in supporting scholarship and the needy during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Zakat
b) Ijma
c) Hajj
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Zakat

Who was the famous Abbasid Caliph credited with promoting the translation of Greek, Roman, and Indian texts into Arabic, thus preserving and transmitting knowledge?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
b) Al-Mamun

What is the term for the system of legal principles and judgments based on Islamic law, which played a central role in Islamic governance during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Sharia
b) Fiqh
c) Ijtihad
d) Fatwa

Answer
a) Sharia

Which Abbasid Caliph is known for his significant contributions to the field of music, including inventing musical instruments?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
d) Al-Mu’tadid

What was the term for non-Arab converts to Islam who often faced discrimination and were sometimes referred to as “clients”?
a) Mawali
b) Ulama
c) Sufis
d) Emirs

Answer
a) Mawali

Which Abbasid Caliph is known for his efforts to suppress the use of images, leading to the destruction of artwork and the practice of iconoclasm?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
c) Al-Mutasim

What is the term for the religious pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which played a significant role in the cultural exchange during the Abbasid Caliphate?
a) Hajj
b) Umrah
c) Zakat
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Hajj

Who was the first Abbasid Caliph to take the title “Caliph of the East and the West” and establish diplomatic relations with Charlemagne?
a) Harun al-Rashid
b) Al-Mamun
c) Al-Mutasim
d) Al-Mu’tadid

Answer
a) Harun al-Rashid

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