Islamic History MCQs

The Arab-Israeli Conflict MCQs with Answer

The following are The Arab-Israeli Conflict MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Arab-Israeli Conflict MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Arab-Israeli Conflict Online MCQs with Answers

When did the Arab-Israeli Conflict begin?
A) 1917
B) 1948
C) 1967
D) 1973

Answer
B) 1948

What event is often considered the catalyst for the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) The Balfour Declaration
B) The Six-Day War
C) The Oslo Accords
D) The Camp David Accords

Answer
A) The Balfour Declaration

Which country was established as a result of the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine?
A) Israel
B) Jordan
C) Palestine
D) Lebanon

Answer
A) Israel

What is the significance of the city of Jerusalem in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It is the capital of Israel.
B) It is a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
C) It is the birthplace of Jesus.
D) It is the largest city in the Middle East.

Answer
B) It is a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

Which Arab country was the first to recognize Israel’s existence?
A) Egypt
B) Jordan
C) Syria
D) Lebanon

Answer
A) Egypt

What is the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)?
A) A Palestinian political party
B) An Israeli security agency
C) A United Nations organization
D) A global peacekeeping force

Answer
A) A Palestinian political party

Which war in 1967 resulted in Israel gaining control of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem?
A) Yom Kippur War
B) Six-Day War
C) Suez Crisis
D) Lebanon War

Answer
B) Six-Day War

What is the term “intifada” commonly associated with in the context of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) A peace agreement
B) A Palestinian uprising
C) A ceasefire negotiation
D) An Israeli military operation

Answer
B) A Palestinian uprising

Which country occupied the Gaza Strip from 1967 to 2005?
A) Israel
B) Egypt
C) Jordan
D) Palestine

Answer
A) Israel

What is the “two-state solution” in the context of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) A plan for a single, unified state in Israel and Palestine
B) A plan for two separate, independent states for Israelis and Palestinians
C) A plan for international control of the region
D) A plan for a confederation of Arab states

Answer
B) A plan for two separate, independent states for Israelis and Palestinians

Which U.S. president played a significant role in brokering the Camp David Accords in 1978?
A) Richard Nixon
B) Jimmy Carter
C) Ronald Reagan
D) George H.W. Bush

Answer
B) Jimmy Carter

What is the main Palestinian political party in the West Bank and Gaza Strip?
A) Fatah
B) Hamas
C) PLO
D) Hezbollah

Answer
A) Fatah

Which Arab country shares a border with Israel to the northeast?
A) Egypt
B) Jordan
C) Syria
D) Lebanon

Answer
C) Syria

What is the significance of the Golan Heights in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It is a disputed region between Israel and Lebanon.
B) It is a disputed region between Israel and Jordan.
C) It is a disputed region between Israel and Syria.
D) It is a disputed region between Israel and Egypt.

Answer
C) It is a disputed region between Israel and Syria.

What was the outcome of the Yom Kippur War (1973)?
A) Israel gained control of the Sinai Peninsula.
B) Israel lost control of the West Bank.
C) Arab states recognized Israel’s right to exist.
D) The conflict ended with a ceasefire agreement.

Answer
D) The conflict ended with a ceasefire agreement.

What is the “right of return” in the context of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) The right of Palestinians to return to their pre-1948 homes in Israel.
B) The right of Israelis to settle in the West Bank.
C) The right of Arab states to control Jerusalem.
D) The right of Israel to annex the Gaza Strip.

Answer
A) The right of Palestinians to return to their pre-1948 homes in Israel.

What is the primary language spoken in Israel?
A) Arabic
B) English
C) Hebrew
D) Russian

Answer
C) Hebrew

Which U.S. president officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel?
A) Bill Clinton
B) George W. Bush
C) Barack Obama
D) Donald Trump

Answer
D) Donald Trump

What is the status of the city of Jerusalem in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It is fully controlled by Israel.
B) It is fully controlled by Palestine.
C) It is an international city under United Nations administration.
D) It is divided between Israeli and Palestinian control.

Answer
D) It is divided between Israeli and Palestinian control.

Which Palestinian territory is governed by Hamas?
A) West Bank
B) Gaza Strip
C) East Jerusalem
D) Golan Heights

Answer
B) Gaza Strip

What is the main goal of the BDS (Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions) movement related to the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) To support the Israeli government
B) To promote economic cooperation between Israel and Palestine
C) To advocate for a two-state solution
D) To pressure Israel through nonviolent means to change its policies toward Palestinians

Answer
D) To pressure Israel through nonviolent means to change its policies toward Palestinians

What is the Iron Dome?
A) A Palestinian political party
B) An Israeli military defense system
C) A border wall separating Israel and Palestine
D) A peace negotiation forum

Answer
B) An Israeli military defense system

Which Arab country signed a peace treaty with Israel in 1979, becoming the first Arab state to do so?
A) Jordan
B) Egypt
C) Saudi Arabia
D) Syria

Answer
B) Egypt

Who is often referred to as the father of modern political Zionism?
A) David Ben-Gurion
B) Theodor Herzl
C) Golda Meir
D) Menachem Begin

Answer
B) Theodor Herzl

What is the significance of the Balfour Declaration in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It established the state of Israel.
B) It recognized Palestinian statehood.
C) It expressed British support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine.
D) It called for the division of Jerusalem.

Answer
C) It expressed British support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine.

Which major world power has historically been a key mediator in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) China
B) Russia
C) United States
D) France

Answer
C) United States

What is the significance of the Oslo Accords in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) They led to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.
B) They established a framework for peace negotiations between Israel and the PLO.
C) They resulted in the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the West Bank.
D) They recognized Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel.

Answer
B) They established a framework for peace negotiations between Israel and the PLO.

Which Arab-Israeli conflict is also known as the “October War”?
A) Six-Day War
B) Yom Kippur War
C) Camp David Accords
D) Oslo Accords

Answer
B) Yom Kippur War

What is the Green Line in the context of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) An ecological boundary in the Jordan Valley
B) The border between Israel and Egypt
C) The pre-1967 border between Israel and the West Bank/Gaza Strip
D) The boundary between Israel and Lebanon

Answer
C) The pre-1967 border between Israel and the West Bank/Gaza Strip.

What is the primary source of conflict over water resources in the Middle East, including in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) Oil reserves
B) Nuclear weapons
C) Religious disputes
D) Scarce freshwater sources

Answer
D) Scarce freshwater sources

What is the significance of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It is a Palestinian political party.
B) It provides humanitarian aid and services to Palestinian refugees.
C) It is an Israeli intelligence agency.
D) It is an international peacekeeping force.

Answer
B) It provides humanitarian aid and services to Palestinian refugees.

Who was the leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) for much of its history?
A) Yasser Arafat
B) Mahmoud Abbas
C) Ismail Haniyeh
D) Khaled Mashal

Answer
A) Yasser Arafat

Which Palestinian territories are the subject of ongoing disputes between Israelis and Palestinians?
A) West Bank and Gaza Strip
B) Golan Heights and Sinai Peninsula
C) Sinai Peninsula and Negev Desert
D) Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula

Answer
A) West Bank and Gaza Strip

What is the significance of the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem?
A) It is a contested religious site, sacred to both Jews and Muslims.
B) It is the location of the Western Wall.
C) It is the headquarters of the United Nations.
D) It is the seat of the Israeli government.

Answer
A) It is a contested religious site, sacred to both Jews and Muslims.

Who was the first Prime Minister of Israel?
A) David Ben-Gurion
B) Golda Meir
C) Yitzhak Rabin
D) Benjamin Netanyahu

Answer
A) David Ben-Gurion

Which Arab-Israeli peace agreement led to the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt?
A) Camp David Accords
B) Oslo Accords
C) Wadi Araba Agreement
D) Madrid Accords

Answer
C) Wadi Araba Agreement

What is the primary goal of Hezbollah in Lebanon in relation to Israel?
A) To promote peace and cooperation with Israel
B) To negotiate a two-state solution
C) To resist Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon
D) To support Israeli military actions in the region

Answer
C) To resist Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon

What is the status of the Golan Heights according to international law?
A) It is recognized as part of Israel.
B) It is recognized as part of Syria.
C) It is recognized as an independent state.
D) Its status is disputed.

Answer
D) Its status is disputed.

Which major world power has historically supported the Palestinian cause?
A) United States
B) Russia
C) China
D) France

Answer
D) France

What is the significance of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 (Partition Plan)?
A) It called for the establishment of Israel as a Jewish state.
B) It called for the establishment of a Palestinian state.
C) It established the borders of Israel and Palestine.
D) It called for the internationalization of Jerusalem.

Answer
A) It called for the establishment of Israel as a Jewish state.

Which Arab-Israeli conflict is often referred to as the “War of Independence” in Israel?
A) Six-Day War
B) Yom Kippur War
C) 1948 Arab-Israeli War
D) Camp David Accords

Answer
C) 1948 Arab-Israeli War

Which country occupied the Sinai Peninsula from 1956 to 1957 and again from 1967 to 1979?
A) Israel
B) Egypt
C) Jordan
D) Syria

Answer
A) Israel

What is the significance of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It recognized Israel’s sovereignty over East Jerusalem.
B) It called for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from territories occupied in the Six-Day War.
C) It established the borders of Israel and Palestine.
D) It called for the internationalization of the West Bank.

Answer
B) It called for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from territories occupied in the Six-Day War.

What is the significance of the city of Hebron in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It is the largest city in Israel.
B) It is a contested city in the West Bank with religious significance for Jews and Muslims.
C) It is the capital of Palestine.
D) It is the location of the Knesset.

Answer
B) It is a contested city in the West Bank with religious significance for Jews and Muslims.

What is the role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees) in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It provides military support to Palestinian refugees.
B) It provides humanitarian aid and services to Palestinian refugees.
C) It is responsible for border security in the region.
D) It oversees peace negotiations between Israel and Palestine.

Answer
B) It provides humanitarian aid and services to Palestinian refugees.

Which major world power has traditionally been a close ally of Israel?
A) Russia
B) France
C) United States
D) China

Answer
C) United States

What is the significance of the Oslo II Accord in the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) It resulted in the establishment of a Palestinian state.
B) It expanded Palestinian self-rule in parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
C) It led to the recognition of Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel.
D) It established the borders of Israel and Palestine.

Answer
B) It expanded Palestinian self-rule in parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

What is the primary religion of most Israelis?
A) Islam
B) Christianity
C) Judaism
D) Hinduism

Answer
C) Judaism

Which international organization has played a significant role in peace negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians?
A) United Nations
B) European Union
C) African Union
D) Arab League

Answer
A) United Nations

What is the main goal of the Arab League in relation to the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
A) To support Israel’s territorial expansion
B) To promote peace and cooperation between Israel and Arab states
C) To advocate for the rights of Palestinian refugees
D) To boycott Israeli goods and services

Answer
C) To advocate for the rights of Palestinian refugees

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