Islamic History MCQs

The Fatimid Caliphate MCQs with Answer

The following are The Fatimid Caliphate MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Fatimid Caliphate MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Fatimid Caliphate Online MCQs with Answers

Who founded the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah
b) Harun al-Rashid
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Ma’mun

Answer
a) Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah

What was the capital city of the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Mecca
b) Cairo
c) Baghdad
d) Damascus

Answer
b) Cairo

Which dynasty preceded the Fatimids in Egypt before their rise to power?
a) Abbasids
b) Umayyads
c) Tulunids
d) Ayyubids

Answer
c) Tulunids

The Fatimids claimed descent from whom?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatimah
c) Abu Bakr
d) Uthman ibn Affan

Answer
b) Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatimah

What branch of Islam did the Fatimids belong to?
a) Sunni
b) Shia
c) Sufi
d) Ibadi

Answer
b) Shia

Which Fatimid Caliph is known for establishing the Al-Azhar University in Cairo, one of the oldest universities in the world?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

What religious sect did the Fatimids belong to within Shia Islam?
a) Ismaili
b) Twelver
c) Zaidi
d) Nizari

Answer
a) Ismaili

Which famous military commander served the Fatimid Caliphate and is known for his campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean?
a) Saladin
b) Tariq ibn Ziyad
c) Al-Mansur Billah
d) Jawhar al-Siqilli

Answer
d) Jawhar al-Siqilli

The Fatimid Caliphate is credited with the construction of which famous mosque in Cairo, known for its intricate geometric designs?
a) Blue Mosque
b) Hagia Sophia
c) Al-Aqsa Mosque
d) Al-Azhar Mosque

Answer
d) Al-Azhar Mosque

Which Fatimid Caliph was known for his patronage of the arts, including the construction of the “House of Knowledge”?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah

What was the nickname of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah due to his mysterious disappearance?
a) The Wise Caliph
b) The Mad Caliph
c) The Pious Caliph
d) The Victorious Caliph

Answer
b) The Mad Caliph

Who was the famous Fatimid scholar and theologian known for his contributions to Ismaili thought and the author of “The Epistles of the Brethren of Purity”?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Farabi
d) Al-Farazdaq

Answer
c) Al-Farabi

What is the term for the religious leaders within the Ismaili branch of Islam, who played a central role in the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Imams
b) Caliphs
c) Sultans
d) Viziers

Answer
a) Imams

Which famous Egyptian monument was built during the Fatimid era and is known for its leaning minaret?
a) Pyramids of Giza
b) Karnak Temple
c) Qutb Minar
d) Al-Hakim Mosque

Answer
d) Al-Hakim Mosque

Who was the first Fatimid Caliph to establish the Ismaili Shia rule in Egypt?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah

Which European city was temporarily occupied by Fatimid forces during the First Crusade?
a) Paris
b) Jerusalem
c) Rome
d) London

Answer
b) Jerusalem

What was the name of the military order founded by the Fatimids to protect their rule and spread Ismaili teachings?
a) Knights Templar
b) Assassins
c) Knights Hospitaller
d) Teutonic Knights

Answer
b) Assassins

Who was the famous Ismaili theologian and philosopher who influenced both Islamic and Western thought during the Fatimid era?
a) Avicenna (Ibn Sina)
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Averroes (Ibn Rushd)

Answer
a) Avicenna (Ibn Sina)

The Fatimids established their rule in Egypt in which century?
a) 7th century
b) 8th century
c) 9th century
d) 10th century

Answer
d) 10th century

Which famous explorer from North Africa served as a diplomat and ambassador for the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Ibn Battuta
b) Ibn Khaldun
c) Ibn Jubayr
d) Ibn Hawqal

Answer
c) Ibn Jubayr

The Fatimid Caliphate was known for its support of which economic activity that involved trading goods across vast distances?
a) Agriculture
b) Manufacturing
c) Commerce
d) Fishing

Answer
c) Commerce

Which sea separates Egypt from the Arabian Peninsula and played a significant role in trade during the Fatimid era?
a) Mediterranean Sea
b) Red Sea
c) Caspian Sea
d) Arabian Sea

Answer
b) Red Sea

What was the official language of the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Arabic
b) Persian
c) Greek
d) Berber

Answer
a) Arabic

Who was the last Fatimid Caliph, marking the end of the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

The Fatimids are known for their construction of a famous lighthouse on the Egyptian coast. What is it called?
a) Eiffel Tower
b) Lighthouse of Alexandria
c) Colosseum
d) Leaning Tower of Pisa

Answer
b) Lighthouse of Alexandria

Which branch of science and philosophy thrived in the Fatimid Caliphate, contributing to advancements in various fields?
a) Mathematics
b) Alchemy
c) Astrology
d) All of the above

Answer
d) All of the above

Who was the Fatimid Caliph known for his eccentric and unpredictable behavior, leading to various legends about him?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

Which region did the Fatimid Caliphate expand into, establishing a presence in parts of the Middle East?
a) Persia
b) North Africa
c) Anatolia
d) Levant

Answer
d) Levant

What was the religious affiliation of the majority of the population under Fatimid rule?
a) Sunni
b) Shia
c) Christian
d) Jewish

Answer
c) Christian

The Fatimid Caliphate was founded in North Africa, specifically in which modern-day country?
a) Morocco
b) Tunisia
c) Algeria
d) Libya

Answer
b) Tunisia

Who was the famous Jewish philosopher and theologian who served as a vizier in the Fatimid court?
a) Maimonides
b) Avicenna
c) Al-Farabi
d) Al-Ghazali

Answer
a) Maimonides

What title did the Fatimid Caliphs use, emphasizing their descent from Ali and Fatimah?
a) Sultan
b) Imam
c) Emir
d) Caliph

Answer
b) Imam

What is the name of the famous marketplace in Cairo that flourished during the Fatimid period and is still a vibrant center of commerce today?
a) Khan el-Khalili
b) Grand Bazaar
c) Spice Market
d) Souq Waqif

Answer
a) Khan el-Khalili

Which famous river runs through Cairo, serving as a vital water source for the city during the Fatimid era?
a) Nile River
b) Tigris River
c) Euphrates River
d) Jordan River

Answer
a) Nile River

The Fatimids established diplomatic and trade relations with which European power during their rule?
a) Byzantine Empire
b) Holy Roman Empire
c) Venice
d) Ottoman Empire

Answer
c) Venice

What architectural style is known for its use of intricate geometric patterns and flourished during the Fatimid era?
a) Gothic
b) Baroque
c) Moorish
d) Rococo

Answer
c) Moorish

The Fatimids played a significant role in the transmission of classical Greek and Roman knowledge to medieval Europe through which means?
a) Trade routes
b) Translation efforts
c) Military conquests
d) Cultural exchanges

Answer
b) Translation efforts

What was the primary source of revenue for the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Taxation of agricultural land
b) Trade and commerce
c) Tribute from vassal states
d) Gold mines

Answer
b) Trade and commerce

What role did women play in Fatimid society, particularly in the royal court?
a) They were excluded from public life.
b) They held positions of political power.
c) They served as military commanders.
d) They were responsible for religious leadership.

Answer
b) They held positions of political power.

The Fatimid Caliphate is often associated with the Ismaili branch of Shia Islam. What distinguishes Ismailis from Twelver Shia Muslims?
a) Belief in the Twelfth Imam
b) Recognition of the first three Caliphs
c) Belief in the infallibility of the Imams
d) Rejection of Ali’s leadership

Answer
a) Belief in the Twelfth Imam

Who was the Fatimid Caliph responsible for initiating the construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque in Cairo, known for its unique architecture?
a) Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
c) Al-Aziz Billah
d) Al-Mustansir Billah

Answer
b) Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

Which famous explorer and geographer traveled extensively in the Muslim world during the Fatimid era and authored “The Book of Roger”?
a) Ibn Battuta
b) Ibn Khaldun
c) Ibn Jubayr
d) Al-Idrisi

Answer
d) Al-Idrisi

The Fatimids established their own system of government, including various administrative offices. What was the highest office held by the vizier?
a) Minister of Finance
b) Chief Judge
c) Prime Minister
d) Head of the Army

Answer
c) Prime Minister

What is the name of the famous library established in Cairo during the Fatimid period, which became a center of scholarship and learning?
a) Library of Congress
b) House of Wisdom
c) Dar al-Hikmah
d) Vatican Library

Answer
c) Dar al-Hikmah

The Fatimid Caliphate maintained a system of postal communication and intelligence gathering. What was this system called?
a) Pony Express
b) Royal Mail
c) Diwan al-Insha
d) Barid al-Khassa

Answer
d) Barid al-Khassa

Which major river served as a natural boundary for the Fatimid Caliphate in the south?
a) Tigris River
b) Euphrates River
c) Nile River
d) Jordan River

Answer
c) Nile River

Which famous medieval scholar and historian, known for his work “The Muqaddimah,” lived during the Fatimid era?
a) Ibn Khaldun
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Ghazali
d) Averroes (Ibn Rushd)

Answer
a) Ibn Khaldun

The Fatimid Caliphate faced significant challenges from other Muslim dynasties, including the Seljuks and the…
a) Umayyads
b) Tulunids
c) Ayyubids
d) Ottomans

Answer
c) Ayyubids

The Fatimids established a vibrant cultural and intellectual environment in Cairo, drawing scholars from various parts of the world. What was this period known as?
a) Renaissance
b) Enlightenment
c) Golden Age
d) Industrial Revolution

Answer
c) Golden Age

Which famous Persian polymath and scholar, known for his contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine, served under the Fatimid Caliphate?
a) Al-Khwarizmi
b) Al-Farabi
c) Al-Razi (Rhazes)
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Answer
d) Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button