Islamic History MCQs

The Iran-Iraq War MCQs with Answer

The following are The Iran-Iraq War MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Iran-Iraq War MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Iran-Iraq War Online MCQs with Answers

When did the Iran-Iraq War begin?
a) 1975
b) 1980
c) 1985
d) 1990

Answer
b) 1980

What was the primary reason for the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Territorial dispute
b) Religious conflict
c) Economic competition
d) Political rivalry

Answer
a) Territorial dispute

Which country initiated the Iran-Iraq War by launching an invasion?
a) Iran
b) Iraq
c) Saudi Arabia
d) Syria

Answer
b) Iraq

What was the disputed territory that led to the Iran-Iraq War?
a) The Shatt al-Arab waterway
b) The city of Baghdad
c) The Strait of Hormuz
d) The city of Basra

Answer
a) The Shatt al-Arab waterway

Which Iranian leader was in power at the start of the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
b) Ayatollah Khomeini
c) Abolhassan Banisadr
d) Mohammad Mosaddegh

Answer
b) Ayatollah Khomeini

Who was the President of Iraq during the early years of the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Saddam Hussein
b) Tariq Aziz
c) Nouri al-Maliki
d) Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr

Answer
a) Saddam Hussein

Which country provided extensive support to Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Soviet Union
c) Iran
d) Saudi Arabia

Answer
b) Soviet Union

What was the approximate duration of the Iran-Iraq War?
a) 2 months
b) 2 years
c) 8 years
d) 18 years

Answer
c) 8 years

What was the outcome of the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Iraq emerged as the clear victor.
b) Iran emerged as the clear victor.
c) The war ended in a ceasefire with no clear winner.
d) Both countries suffered significant losses with no clear victory.

Answer
d) Both countries suffered significant losses with no clear victory.

Which country mediated the ceasefire that ended the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) United Nations
c) Saudi Arabia
d) France

Answer
b) United Nations

What was the nickname given to the Iran-Iraq War due to its protracted nature?
a) The Six-Day War
b) The Great War
c) The Longest War
d) The Cold War

Answer
c) The Longest War

Which city in Iran was heavily bombed by Iraq during the war?
a) Tehran
b) Isfahan
c) Shiraz
d) Ahvaz

Answer
d) Ahvaz

What were the major casualties of the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Civilians
b) Soldiers
c) Politicians
d) Religious leaders

Answer
a) Civilians

Which side used chemical weapons during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Iran
b) Iraq
c) Both sides
d) Neither side

Answer
b) Iraq

What was the international response to the use of chemical weapons during the war?
a) Strong condemnation and sanctions against Iraq
b) Strong condemnation and sanctions against Iran
c) Support for both sides in the conflict
d) No international response

Answer
d) No international response

Which country provided military and financial support to Iran during the war?
a) United States
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Soviet Union
d) China

Answer
a) United States

What role did the United Nations play during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) It brokered a ceasefire between the two countries.
b) It supported Iraq in its war efforts.
c) It imposed economic sanctions on Iran.
d) It provided humanitarian aid to both sides.

Answer
a) It brokered a ceasefire between the two countries.

Which country occupied parts of Iran during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Soviet Union
c) Saudi Arabia
d) None of the above

Answer
b) Soviet Union

What was the impact of the Iran-Iraq War on the oil industry in the region?
a) Oil production increased significantly.
b) Oil prices remained stable.
c) Oil infrastructure was heavily damaged.
d) Oil exports continued without disruption.

Answer
c) Oil infrastructure was heavily damaged.

Which city in Iraq was a major battleground during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Baghdad
b) Mosul
c) Basra
d) Tikrit

Answer
c) Basra

What was the primary method of communication between the two sides during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Diplomatic negotiations
b) Direct military confrontations
c) Mediated peace talks
d) Proxy wars in other countries

Answer
b) Direct military confrontations

Which country’s leader played a key role in mediating between Iran and Iraq to end the war?
a) United States
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Egypt
d) Algeria

Answer
d) Algeria

What was the name of the operation launched by Iraq to retake the city of Khorramshahr from Iran?
a) Operation Desert Storm
b) Operation Fath al-Mobin
c) Operation Eagle Claw
d) Operation Desert Shield

Answer
b) Operation Fath al-Mobin

How did the Iran-Iraq War impact the relations between Iran and the United States?
a) Relations improved significantly.
b) Relations remained unchanged.
c) Relations deteriorated further.
d) The two countries formed a military alliance.

Answer
c) Relations deteriorated further.

What role did chemical weapons play in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) They were never used by either side.
b) They were used by both sides extensively.
c) They were used only by Iran.
d) They were used only by Iraq.

Answer
d) They were used only by Iraq.

Which country supplied Iraq with chemical weapons during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Soviet Union
c) France
d) Germany

Answer
c) France

How did the Iran-Iraq War end?
a) Iran surrendered unconditionally.
b) Iraq surrendered unconditionally.
c) A ceasefire was negotiated through international mediation.
d) The war is ongoing with no official end.

Answer
c) A ceasefire was negotiated through international mediation.

What was the total number of casualties (including both military and civilian) during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Less than 10,000
b) Approximately 100,000
c) Over 1 million
d) Over 5 million

Answer
c) Over 1 million

Which country remained neutral and did not support either side during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Kuwait
c) Jordan
d) Oman

Answer
d) Oman

What was the impact of the Iran-Iraq War on the economies of both Iran and Iraq?
a) Economic growth and prosperity
b) Economic stagnation
c) Economic collapse and devastation
d) Economic isolation

Answer
c) Economic collapse and devastation

What was the code name of the U.S. operation to reflag and escort Kuwaiti oil tankers during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Operation Desert Shield
b) Operation Desert Storm
c) Operation Earnest Will
d) Operation Freedom Falcon

Answer
c) Operation Earnest Will

What was the impact of the Iran-Iraq War on the global oil market?
a) Stable oil prices
b) Increased oil production
c) Disruption of oil supplies and rising prices
d) Decreased demand for oil

Answer
c) Disruption of oil supplies and rising prices

Which country, in addition to the Soviet Union, provided extensive military support to Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Israel
d) Syria

Answer
d) Syria

What was the Iranian military strategy during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Offensive warfare
b) Guerrilla warfare
c) Aerial bombardment
d) Naval blockade

Answer
b) Guerrilla warfare

What was the impact of the Iran-Iraq War on the Persian Gulf region?
a) Increased stability and cooperation among Gulf states
b) Increased tensions and militarization of the region
c) No impact on the region
d) Formation of a regional security alliance

Answer
b) Increased tensions and militarization of the region

How did the Iran-Iraq War influence the balance of power in the Middle East?
a) Iran emerged as the dominant regional power.
b) Iraq emerged as the dominant regional power.
c) The balance of power remained unchanged.
d) Other regional powers filled the void left by Iran and Iraq.

Answer
c) The balance of power remained unchanged.

What was the attitude of most Western countries, including the United States, toward the Iran-Iraq War?
a) They supported Iran.
b) They supported Iraq.
c) They remained neutral.
d) They provided humanitarian aid to both sides.

Answer
b) They supported Iraq.

How did the Iran-Iraq War impact the Shia-Sunni divide in the Muslim world?
a) It deepened the divide and intensified sectarian tensions.
b) It brought Shia and Sunni Muslims closer together.
c) It had no significant impact on the divide.
d) It led to the reunification of the Muslim world.

Answer
a) It deepened the divide and intensified sectarian tensions.

What was the name of the United Nations Security Council resolution that called for a ceasefire in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Resolution 242
b) Resolution 338
c) Resolution 598
d) Resolution 1441

Answer
c) Resolution 598

What was the Iranian response to the ceasefire resolution in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Iran immediately accepted the resolution.
b) Iran rejected the resolution and continued fighting.
c) Iran accepted the resolution after a prolonged negotiation.
d) Iran declared victory and refused to acknowledge the ceasefire.

Answer
c) Iran accepted the resolution after a prolonged negotiation.

Which country served as a mediator and guarantor of the ceasefire agreement in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Algeria
d) Egypt

Answer
c) Algeria

How did the Iran-Iraq War affect the global arms trade?
a) It led to a decrease in arms sales.
b) It had no impact on arms sales.
c) It led to an increase in arms sales to the region.
d) It resulted in the total cessation of arms sales.

Answer
c) It led to an increase in arms sales to the region.

Which country experienced extensive environmental damage as a result of the Iran-Iraq War, particularly due to oil spills?
a) Iran
b) Iraq
c) Kuwait
d) Saudi Arabia

Answer
c) Kuwait

What was the overall impact of the Iran-Iraq War on the Middle East’s geopolitical landscape?
a) Increased stability and cooperation
b) Creation of new alliances
c) Destabilization and realignment of alliances
d) No significant impact

Answer
c) Destabilization and realignment of alliances

What was the key factor that eventually led to a ceasefire in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Military exhaustion of both sides
b) International intervention
c) A decisive battlefield victory by one side
d) Economic collapse of both countries

Answer
a) Military exhaustion of both sides

How did the Iran-Iraq War impact the demographics of Iran and Iraq?
a) It led to a population boom in both countries.
b) It resulted in a significant decline in population.
c) It had no significant impact on demographics.
d) It led to a refugee crisis in neighboring countries.

Answer
c) It had no significant impact on demographics.

What is the nickname given to the Iran-Iraq War in Iran?
a) The Eight-Year War
b) The Gulf War
c) The War of Liberation
d) The Holy Defense

Answer
d) The Holy Defense

How did the Iran-Iraq War affect relations between Iran and its Arab neighbors?
a) Improved relations and cooperation
b) Strained relations and suspicion
c) No change in relations
d) Creation of a regional alliance

Answer
b) Strained relations and suspicion

What was the legacy of the Iran-Iraq War in the affected countries?
a) Economic prosperity
b) Political stability
c) Lingering trauma and social scars
d) Strengthened national unity

Answer
c) Lingering trauma and social scars

Which international organization played a role in monitoring the ceasefire and the exchange of prisoners between Iran and Iraq?
a) Red Cross
b) United Nations
c) Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
d) Amnesty International

Answer
b) United Nations

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