Islamic History MCQs

The Iranian Revolution MCQs with Answer

The following are The Iranian Revolution MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Iranian Revolution MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Iranian Revolution Online MCQs with Answers

What year did the Iranian Revolution take place?
a) 1976
b) 1979
c) 1983
d) 1987

Answer
b) 1979

Who was the Shah of Iran before the revolution?
a) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
b) Ayatollah Khomeini
c) Hassan Rouhani
d) Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Answer
a) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Which religious leader played a central role in the Iranian Revolution?
a) Ayatollah Khomeini
b) Pope John Paul II
c) Dalai Lama
d) Mother Teresa

Answer
a) Ayatollah Khomeini

What was the primary reason for the Iranian Revolution?
a) Economic collapse
b) Religious reform
c) Political repression
d) Educational reforms

Answer
c) Political repression

Which political ideology was the Iranian Revolution associated with?
a) Communism
b) Nationalism
c) Capitalism
d) Fascism

Answer
b) Nationalism

The Iranian Revolution led to the establishment of what type of government?
a) Monarchy
b) Democracy
c) Theocracy
d) Oligarchy

Answer
c) Theocracy

What was the slogan of the Iranian Revolution?
a) “Long live the King!”
b) “Death to America!”
c) “Workers of the world, unite!”
d) “Peace and Prosperity!”

Answer
b) “Death to America!”

Which country’s embassy in Tehran was seized by Iranian militants during the revolution?
a) France
b) United Kingdom
c) United States
d) Canada

Answer
c) United States

What was the name of the student group that occupied the U.S. embassy in Tehran?
a) Iranian Freedom Fighters
b) Revolutionary Guards
c) Students Following the Line of the Imam
d) Iranian Liberation Army

Answer
c) Students Following the Line of the Imam

Which U.S. president was in office during the hostage crisis in Iran?
a) Ronald Reagan
b) Jimmy Carter
c) George H.W. Bush
d) Bill Clinton

Answer
b) Jimmy Carter

What event marked the end of the Iran-Iraq War, which followed the revolution?
a) The capture of Baghdad by Iranian forces
b) The signing of the Treaty of Algiers
c) The assassination of Saddam Hussein
d) The overthrow of Ayatollah Khomeini

Answer
b) The signing of the Treaty of Algiers

Which country supported Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War?
a) United States
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Soviet Union
d) France

Answer
a) United States

What was the outcome of the Iran-Iraq War for both countries?
a) Iran won a decisive victory
b) Iraq won a decisive victory
c) Both countries suffered significant losses with no clear victory
d) The war ended in a ceasefire without a clear winner

Answer
c) Both countries suffered significant losses with no clear victory

Which Islamic holiday is celebrated to commemorate the Iranian Revolution?
a) Eid al-Fitr
b) Eid al-Adha
c) Nowruz
d) Revolution Day

Answer
d) Revolution Day

What was the role of women in the Iranian Revolution?
a) They played a leading role in the revolution.
b) They were not allowed to participate in the revolution.
c) They supported the Shah’s regime.
d) They protested against the revolution.

Answer
a) They played a leading role in the revolution.

What economic issue contributed to the discontent leading to the revolution?
a) Rising oil prices
b) Decreased oil production
c) High unemployment
d) Increased foreign investment

Answer
c) High unemployment

What is the term for the religious leaders in Iran who hold significant power in the government?
a) Ayatollahs
b) Emirs
c) Imams
d) Caliphs

Answer
a) Ayatollahs

Who succeeded Ayatollah Khomeini as Supreme Leader of Iran?
a) Ayatollah Montazeri
b) Ayatollah Sistani
c) Ayatollah Rafsanjani
d) Ayatollah Khamenei

Answer
d) Ayatollah Khamenei

What is the official language of Iran?
a) Arabic
b) Persian (Farsi)
c) Urdu
d) Turkish

Answer
b) Persian (Farsi)

What is the name of the Iranian parliament?
a) Majlis
b) Shura
c) Riksdag
d) Duma

Answer
a) Majlis

Which group in Iran is known for enforcing moral and dress codes in society?
a) Revolutionary Guard
b) Basij
c) Hezbollah
d) Al-Quds Force

Answer
b) Basij

What was the outcome of the hostage crisis at the U.S. embassy in Tehran?
a) All hostages were released unharmed.
b) Some hostages were released, but others were held for over a year.
c) The hostages were all killed.
d) The hostages were released, but the embassy was destroyed.

Answer
b) Some hostages were released, but others were held for over a year.

Which country provided asylum to the exiled Shah of Iran?
a) United States
b) United Kingdom
c) France
d) Germany

Answer
c) France

What was the main source of income for Iran before the revolution?
a) Agriculture
b) Manufacturing
c) Oil exports
d) Tourism

Answer
c) Oil exports

What is the official religion of Iran?
a) Christianity
b) Zoroastrianism
c) Islam
d) Buddhism

Answer
c) Islam

What is the term for the religious leaders’ council that elects the Supreme Leader of Iran?
a) Assembly of Experts
b) Council of Guardians
c) Revolutionary Council
d) National Consultative Assembly

Answer
a) Assembly of Experts

What is the capital city of Iran?
a) Tehran
b) Isfahan
c) Shiraz
d) Tabriz

Answer
a) Tehran

Which country was the primary supporter of the Shah’s regime before the revolution?
a) United States
b) Soviet Union
c) United Kingdom
d) France

Answer
a) United States

What was the Shah’s policy of modernization and westernization in Iran called?
a) White Revolution
b) Islamic Renaissance
c) Persian Awakening
d) Green Movement

Answer
a) White Revolution

Who was the leader of the Iranian opposition during the revolution?
a) Ayatollah Khomeini
b) Mir Hossein Mousavi
c) Abolhassan Banisadr
d) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Answer
c) Abolhassan Banisadr

What is the traditional Iranian New Year celebration called?
a) Eid al-Fitr
b) Eid al-Adha
c) Nowruz
d) Yalda Night

Answer
c) Nowruz

Which country did Ayatollah Khomeini live in exile before returning to Iran?
a) Iraq
b) Saudi Arabia
c) France
d) Pakistan

Answer
c) France

What is the significance of the term “Death to America” in Iranian politics?
a) A call for violent action against the United States
b) A slogan used during the hostage crisis
c) A symbol of anti-American sentiment
d) A sign of goodwill towards the U.S.

Answer
c) A symbol of anti-American sentiment

What role did the Revolutionary Guard play in post-revolutionary Iran?
a) Maintaining law and order
b) Promoting economic reforms
c) Advancing women’s rights
d) Supporting the Shah’s return to power

Answer
a) Maintaining law and order

Which U.S. president initiated Operation Eagle Claw, an attempt to rescue the American hostages in Iran?
a) Richard Nixon
b) Gerald Ford
c) Jimmy Carter
d) Ronald Reagan

Answer
c) Jimmy Carter

What was the outcome of Operation Eagle Claw?
a) The hostages were successfully rescued.
b) The mission failed, resulting in casualties and aircraft losses.
c) The hostages were released before the operation began.
d) The mission was aborted due to international pressure.

Answer
b) The mission failed, resulting in casualties and aircraft losses.

What is the term for the religious law in Iran based on Islamic principles?
a) Sharia
b) Halal
c) Fiqh
d) Sunnah

Answer
a) Sharia

Which ethnic group makes up the majority of Iran’s population?
a) Arabs
b) Persians
c) Kurds
d) Turks

Answer
b) Persians

Which country’s leader played a key role in mediating the Iran-Iraq War?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) United States
c) Egypt
d) Algeria

Answer
d) Algeria

What was the main source of discontent among religious conservatives in Iran before the revolution?
a) Lack of access to education
b) The spread of secularism and Westernization
c) Economic inequality
d) Environmental pollution

Answer
b) The spread of secularism and Westernization

What is the name of the ceremonial palace complex in Tehran that was stormed by protesters during the revolution?
a) Golestan Palace
b) Saadabad Palace
c) Niavaran Palace
d) Persepolis

Answer
a) Golestan Palace

What role did the United Nations play in the Iran-Iraq War?
a) The UN brokered a ceasefire early in the conflict.
b) The UN supplied arms to both sides of the war.
c) The UN condemned both Iran and Iraq for the war.
d) The UN provided humanitarian aid to war-affected regions.

Answer
a) The UN brokered a ceasefire early in the conflict.

What did the Iranian government rename the U.S. embassy building after the revolution?
a) “Embassy of the Islamic Republic”
b) “Museum of the Revolution”
c) “Imam Khomeini Center”
d) “House of Resistance”

Answer
b) “Museum of the Revolution”

What is the term for the paramilitary volunteer force in Iran that supports the government?
a) Revolutionary Guard
b) Basij
c) Hezbollah
d) Al-Quds Force

Answer
b) Basij

Who was the first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran?
a) Ayatollah Khomeini
b) Abolhassan Banisadr
c) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
d) Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Answer
b) Abolhassan Banisadr

Which country was the main target of the “Death to America” chant during the revolution?
a) United Kingdom
b) France
c) United States
d) Israel

Answer
c) United States

What is the name of the war memorial in Tehran dedicated to the Iran-Iraq War martyrs?
a) Azadi Tower
b) Milad Tower
c) Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery
d) War Museum

Answer
c) Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery

What was the primary method of communication used by Ayatollah Khomeini to mobilize supporters during his exile?
a) Radio broadcasts
b) Social media
c) Newspapers
d) Carrier pigeons

Answer
a) Radio broadcasts

Which country was the first to officially recognize the Islamic Republic of Iran after the revolution?
a) United States
b) France
c) Iraq
d) Saudi Arabia

Answer
b) France

What role did the clergy play in Iranian politics after the revolution?
a) They withdrew from politics entirely.
b) They took on leadership positions in the government.
c) They served as advisors but did not hold formal positions.
d) They formed an opposition group against the new government.

Answer
b) They took on leadership positions in the government.

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