Islamic History MCQs

The Mongol Invasions MCQs with Answer

The following are The Mongol Invasions MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Mongol Invasions MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Mongol Invasions Online MCQs with Answers

Who was the founder of the Mongol Empire?
a) Genghis Khan
b) Kublai Khan
c) Tamerlane
d) Attila the Hun

Answer
a) Genghis Khan

Which region was NOT conquered by the Mongols during Genghis Khan’s lifetime?
a) China
b) Persia
c) India
d) Europe

Answer
d) Europe

What was the primary motivation behind the Mongol Invasions?
a) Religious conquest
b) Economic expansion
c) Revenge for past invasions
d) Political dominance

Answer
b) Economic expansion

Which Mongol leader is known for invading and conquering Khwarezmia, resulting in a devastating war?
a) Genghis Khan
b) Kublai Khan
c) Ogedei Khan
d) Batu Khan

Answer
a) Genghis Khan

What was the name of the Mongol code of laws established by Genghis Khan to govern the empire?
a) Yassa
b) Ger
c) Khanbaliq
d) Gerbil

Answer
a) Yassa

Which of the following European cities was NOT sacked by the Mongols during their invasions?
a) Vienna
b) Moscow
c) Budapest
d) Krakow

Answer
a) Vienna

What military advantage did the Mongols possess that contributed to their success in warfare?
a) Advanced firearms
b) Powerful navy
c) Cavalry archery and horsemanship
d) Large infantry formations

Answer
c) Cavalry archery and horsemanship

Which of the following empires was NOT directly ruled by the Mongols?
a) Ilkhanate
b) Yuan Dynasty
c) Mughal Empire
d) Golden Horde

Answer
c) Mughal Empire

What is the term for the vast Eurasian land empire established by the Mongols and connected through a network of trade and communication?
a) The Silk Road
b) The Trans-Siberian Railway
c) The Mongol Corridor
d) The Pax Mongolica

Answer
d) The Pax Mongolica

Which European explorer is believed to have visited the court of Kublai Khan during the Yuan Dynasty?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Marco Polo
c) Vasco da Gama
d) Ferdinand Magellan

Answer
b) Marco Polo

What role did the Mongols play in the spread of the Black Death (Bubonic Plague)?
a) They introduced the plague to Europe.
b) They developed a vaccine against the plague.
c) They had immunity to the plague.
d) They unknowingly carried infected fleas.

Answer
d) They unknowingly carried infected fleas.

What was the name of the famous naval battle in which the Mongols defeated the Song Dynasty in China?
a) Battle of Karakorum
b) Battle of Manzikert
c) Battle of Yamen
d) Battle of Hattin

Answer
c) Battle of Yamen

What was the title of the ruler of the Mongol Empire who succeeded Genghis Khan?
a) Khagan
b) Khan
c) Emperor
d) Great Leader

Answer
a) Khagan

The Mongol Empire is known for establishing which innovative postal system that facilitated communication across the empire?
a) Pony Express
b) Yam
c) Courier Pigeons
d) Telegraph

Answer
b) Yam

What is the name of the famous Chinese explorer who traveled extensively during the Yuan Dynasty and may have been influenced by the Mongol rulers?
a) Confucius
b) Zheng He
c) Laozi
d) Sun Tzu

Answer
b) Zheng He

Which European city did Batu Khan, the leader of the Golden Horde, famously besiege but not capture during the Mongol Invasions?
a) Vienna
b) Moscow
c) Krakow
d) Kiev

Answer
d) Kiev

The Mongol Empire eventually split into several khanates. Which khanate ruled over Persia and the Middle East?
a) Ilkhanate
b) Golden Horde
c) Chagatai Khanate
d) Yuan Dynasty

Answer
a) Ilkhanate

What was the primary religion of the Mongol rulers of the Yuan Dynasty in China?
a) Buddhism
b) Christianity
c) Islam
d) Shamanism

Answer
a) Buddhism

Which famous Venetian explorer served as an emissary for Kublai Khan and documented his travels in a book?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Ferdinand Magellan
c) Vasco da Gama
d) Marco Polo

Answer
d) Marco Polo

What was the primary reason for the decline of the Mongol Empire in the 14th century?
a) Invasion by the Ottoman Empire
b) Internal conflicts and fragmentation
c) Natural disasters
d) Economic collapse

Answer
b) Internal conflicts and fragmentation

The famous Silk Road facilitated trade and cultural exchange across Asia and was significantly impacted by the Mongol Empire. What did the Silk Road primarily trade?
a) Spices and herbs
b) Precious metals and gemstones
c) Silk and other goods
d) Slaves and weaponry

Answer
c) Silk and other goods

Who succeeded Genghis Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire?
a) Ogedei Khan
b) Kublai Khan
c) Batu Khan
d) Tamerlane

Answer
a) Ogedei Khan

Which European country was NOT invaded by the Mongols?
a) Hungary
b) Poland
c) France
d) Bulgaria

Answer
c) France

What is the name of the winter campsite used by Genghis Khan and his army to survive the harsh Mongolian winters?
a) Yurt
b) Ger
c) Khanbaliq
d) Steppes

Answer
b) Ger

Who was the Mongol leader responsible for invading and conquering Russia, leading to the establishment of the Golden Horde?
a) Genghis Khan
b) Ogedei Khan
c) Batu Khan
d) Kublai Khan

Answer
c) Batu Khan

The “Yam” system of relay stations and mounted messengers was developed by the Mongols to facilitate what?
a) Tax collection
b) Military intelligence
c) Trade routes
d) Postal communication

Answer
d) Postal communication

Which city was the capital of the Mongol Empire during the reign of Genghis Khan?
a) Karakorum
b) Khanbaliq
c) Samarkand
d) Beshbalik

Answer
a) Karakorum

What role did the Mongol leader Hulagu Khan play in the Middle East?
a) He led the invasion of India.
b) He conquered the Abbasid Caliphate and sacked Baghdad.
c) He established the Ilkhanate in China.
d) He invaded Japan.

Answer
b) He conquered the Abbasid Caliphate and sacked Baghdad.

Who was the grandson of Genghis Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China?
a) Ogedei Khan
b) Kublai Khan
c) Batu Khan
d) Tamerlane

Answer
b) Kublai Khan

What Mongol leader is known for his campaigns in Central Asia and is sometimes referred to as the “Scourge of God”?
a) Genghis Khan
b) Ogedei Khan
c) Tamerlane
d) Batu Khan

Answer
c) Tamerlane

Which European country did the Mongols invade under the leadership of Batu Khan, resulting in the Battle of Mohi?
a) Hungary
b) Poland
c) France
d) Bulgaria

Answer
a) Hungary

What is the name of the famous Chinese dynasty that was established by Kublai Khan and ruled by the Mongols?
a) Tang Dynasty
b) Song Dynasty
c) Yuan Dynasty
d) Ming Dynasty

Answer
c) Yuan Dynasty

Which European explorer is believed to have visited the court of Kublai Khan during the Yuan Dynasty?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Marco Polo
c) Vasco da Gama
d) Ferdinand Magellan

Answer
b) Marco Polo

The Ilkhanate, one of the four major khanates established after the Mongol Empire’s fragmentation, was centered in which region?
a) Russia
b) Persia and the Middle East
c) China
d) Mongolia

Answer
b) Persia and the Middle East

What was the name of the famous Venetian explorer who served Kublai Khan and later wrote about his travels in Asia?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Vasco da Gama
c) Ferdinand Magellan
d) Marco Polo

Answer
d) Marco Polo

Which of the following was NOT a significant impact of the Mongol Empire on Eurasia?
a) Facilitating cultural exchange and trade along the Silk Road
b) Advancing the spread of Christianity
c) Establishing the largest land empire in history
d) Influencing the Yuan Dynasty in China

Answer
b) Advancing the spread of Christianity

What Mongol leader is known for his campaigns in Central Asia and is sometimes referred to as the “Scourge of God”?
a) Genghis Khan
b) Ogedei Khan
c) Tamerlane
d) Batu Khan

Answer
c) Tamerlane

What was the primary religion of the Mongol rulers of the Yuan Dynasty in China?
a) Buddhism
b) Christianity
c) Islam
d) Shamanism

Answer
a) Buddhism

Which European country did the Mongols invade under the leadership of Batu Khan, resulting in the Battle of Mohi?
a) Hungary
b) Poland
c) France
d) Bulgaria

Answer
a) Hungary

The Ilkhanate, one of the four major khanates established after the Mongol Empire’s fragmentation, was centered in which region?
a) Russia
b) Persia and the Middle East
c) China
d) Mongolia

Answer
b) Persia and the Middle East

What was the name of the famous Venetian explorer who served Kublai Khan and later wrote about his travels in Asia?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Vasco da Gama
c) Ferdinand Magellan
d) Marco Polo

Answer
d) Marco Polo

Which of the following was NOT a significant impact of the Mongol Empire on Eurasia?
a) Facilitating cultural exchange and trade along the Silk Road
b) Advancing the spread of Christianity
c) Establishing the largest land empire in history
d) Influencing the Yuan Dynasty in China

Answer
b) Advancing the spread of Christianity

What was the name of the Mongol code of laws established by Genghis Khan to govern the empire?
a) Yassa
b) Ger
c) Khanbaliq
d) Gerbil

Answer
a) Yassa

Which European city did Batu Khan, the leader of the Golden Horde, famously besiege but not capture during the Mongol Invasions?
a) Vienna
b) Moscow
c) Krakow
d) Kiev

Answer
d) Kiev

What role did the Mongols play in the spread of the Black Death (Bubonic Plague)?
a) They introduced the plague to Europe.
b) They developed a vaccine against the plague.
c) They had immunity to the plague.
d) They unknowingly carried infected fleas.

Answer
d) They unknowingly carried infected fleas.

What was the title of the ruler of the Mongol Empire who succeeded Genghis Khan?
a) Khagan
b) Khan
c) Emperor
d) Great Leader

Answer
a) Khagan

The Mongol Empire is known for establishing which innovative postal system that facilitated communication across the empire?
a) Pony Express
b) Yam
c) Courier Pigeons
d) Telegraph

Answer
b) Yam

What was the name of the winter campsite used by Genghis Khan and his army to survive the harsh Mongolian winters?
a) Yurt
b) Ger
c) Khanbaliq
d) Steppes

Answer
b) Ger

What is the term for the vast Eurasian land empire established by the Mongols and connected through a network of trade and communication?
a) The Silk Road
b) The Trans-Siberian Railway
c) The Mongol Corridor
d) The Pax Mongolica

Answer
d) The Pax Mongolica

What military advantage did the Mongols possess that contributed to their success in warfare?
a) Advanced firearms
b) Powerful navy
c) Cavalry archery and horsemanship
d) Large infantry formations

Answer
c) Cavalry archery and horsemanship

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