Islamic History MCQs

The Ottoman Empire MCQs with Answer

The following are The Ottoman Empire MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Ottoman Empire MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Ottoman Empire Online MCQs with Answers

Who was the founder of the Ottoman Empire?
a) Mehmed II
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Osman I
d) Murad I

Answer
c) Osman I

What was the capital city of the Ottoman Empire for most of its history?
a) Istanbul
b) Ankara
c) Bursa
d) Edirne

Answer
a) Istanbul

The Ottoman Empire was known for its diverse cultural influences. Which major religion was practiced by the Ottomans?
a) Christianity
b) Buddhism
c) Judaism
d) Islam

Answer
d) Islam

What was the title of the Ottoman rulers?
a) Shah
b) Sultan
c) Emperor
d) Caliph

Answer
b) Sultan

Which Ottoman sultan is known for conquering Constantinople in 1453, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire?
a) Suleiman the Magnificent
b) Mehmed II
c) Selim I
d) Bayezid I

Answer
b) Mehmed II

The Ottoman Empire was often referred to as the “Sick Man of Europe” during which period?
a) 17th century
b) 19th century
c) 15th century
d) 16th century

Answer
b) 19th century

What was the official language of the Ottoman Empire?
a) Arabic
b) Turkish
c) Persian
d) Greek

Answer
b) Turkish

Which Ottoman ruler is famous for his legal reforms and the creation of a legal code known as the “Kanun”?
a) Suleiman the Magnificent
b) Mehmed II
c) Selim I
d) Bayezid I

Answer
a) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire controlled key trade routes, including the Silk Road. Which major city served as a major trading hub within the empire?
a) Baghdad
b) Alexandria
c) Istanbul
d) Venice

Answer
c) Istanbul

The Janissaries were elite troops in the Ottoman Empire. What was unique about them?
a) They were women soldiers.
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.
c) They were cavalry units.
d) They were foreign mercenaries.

Answer
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his conquests in North Africa and the Middle East, including Egypt and the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
a) Selim I

What was the name of the elite naval force in the Ottoman Empire that was instrumental in maintaining control over the Mediterranean Sea?
a) Ottoman Armada
b) Janissary Navy
c) Imperial Marines
d) Ottoman Navy

Answer
d) Ottoman Navy

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his ambitious construction projects, including the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire controlled a vast empire, but its decline began in the late 17th century. What is a major reason for this decline?
a) Internal strife and succession disputes
b) Religious intolerance
c) Lack of military power
d) Economic collapse

Answer
a) Internal strife and succession disputes

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his conquest of Egypt in 1517 and the abolition of the Mamluk Sultanate?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
a) Selim I

The Ottoman Empire was a major player in the politics of Europe. What significant battle in 1529 marked the Ottoman expansion into Central Europe?
a) Battle of Lepanto
b) Battle of Vienna
c) Battle of Mohács
d) Battle of Varna

Answer
b) Battle of Vienna

What is the name of the Ottoman military corps responsible for carrying out the administrative and military functions of the state?
a) Janissaries
b) Ghazis
c) Emirs
d) Sipahis

Answer
a) Janissaries

During the Ottoman Empire, what was the highest religious authority for Muslims in the empire?
a) Caliph
b) Sheikh al-Islam
c) Mufti
d) Grand Vizier

Answer
b) Sheikh al-Islam

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his military campaigns in Europe and his famous siege of Malta in 1565?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire was known for its administrative structure. What were the provinces of the empire called?
a) Vilayets
b) Pashaliks
c) Sanjaks
d) Beyliks

Answer
a) Vilayets

The Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 marked the end of a major conflict involving the Ottoman Empire and which European powers?
a) France
b) Austria
c) Spain
d) England

Answer
b) Austria

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his legal reforms and the creation of a legal code known as the “Kanun”?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire controlled key trade routes, including the Silk Road. Which major city served as a major trading hub within the empire?
a) Baghdad
b) Alexandria
c) Istanbul
d) Venice

Answer
c) Istanbul

The Janissaries were elite troops in the Ottoman Empire. What was unique about them?
a) They were women soldiers.
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.
c) They were cavalry units.
d) They were foreign mercenaries.

Answer
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his conquests in North Africa and the Middle East, including Egypt and the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
a) Selim I

What was the name of the elite naval force in the Ottoman Empire that was instrumental in maintaining control over the Mediterranean Sea?
a) Ottoman Armada
b) Janissary Navy
c) Imperial Marines
d) Ottoman Navy

Answer
d) Ottoman Navy

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his ambitious construction projects, including the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire was a major player in the politics of Europe. What significant battle in 1529 marked the Ottoman expansion into Central Europe?
a) Battle of Lepanto
b) Battle of Vienna
c) Battle of Mohács
d) Battle of Varna

Answer
b) Battle of Vienna

What is the name of the Ottoman military corps responsible for carrying out the administrative and military functions of the state?
a) Janissaries
b) Ghazis
c) Emirs
d) Sipahis

Answer
a) Janissaries

During the Ottoman Empire, what was the highest religious authority for Muslims in the empire?
a) Caliph
b) Sheikh al-Islam
c) Mufti
d) Grand Vizier

Answer
b) Sheikh al-Islam

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his military campaigns in Europe and his famous siege of Malta in 1565?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 marked the end of a major conflict involving the Ottoman Empire and which European powers?
a) France
b) Austria
c) Spain
d) England

Answer
b) Austria

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his legal reforms and the creation of a legal code known as the “Kanun”?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire controlled key trade routes, including the Silk Road. Which major city served as a major trading hub within the empire?
a) Baghdad
b) Alexandria
c) Istanbul
d) Venice

Answer
c) Istanbul

The Janissaries were elite troops in the Ottoman Empire. What was unique about them?
a) They were women soldiers.
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.
c) They were cavalry units.
d) They were foreign mercenaries.

Answer
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his conquests in North Africa and the Middle East, including Egypt and the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
a) Selim I

What was the name of the elite naval force in the Ottoman Empire that was instrumental in maintaining control over the Mediterranean Sea?
a) Ottoman Armada
b) Janissary Navy
c) Imperial Marines
d) Ottoman Navy

Answer
d) Ottoman Navy

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his ambitious construction projects, including the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire was a major player in the politics of Europe. What significant battle in 1529 marked the Ottoman expansion into Central Europe?
a) Battle of Lepanto
b) Battle of Vienna
c) Battle of Mohács
d) Battle of Varna

Answer
b) Battle of Vienna

What is the name of the Ottoman military corps responsible for carrying out the administrative and military functions of the state?
a) Janissaries
b) Ghazis
c) Emirs
d) Sipahis

Answer
a) Janissaries

During the Ottoman Empire, what was the highest religious authority for Muslims in the empire?
a) Caliph
b) Sheikh al-Islam
c) Mufti
d) Grand Vizier

Answer
b) Sheikh al-Islam

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his military campaigns in Europe and his famous siege of Malta in 1565?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 marked the end of a major conflict involving the Ottoman Empire and which European powers?
a) France
b) Austria
c) Spain
d) England

Answer
b) Austria

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his legal reforms and the creation of a legal code known as the “Kanun”?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire controlled key trade routes, including the Silk Road. Which major city served as a major trading hub within the empire?
a) Baghdad
b) Alexandria
c) Istanbul
d) Venice

Answer
c) Istanbul

The Janissaries were elite troops in the Ottoman Empire. What was unique about them?
a) They were women soldiers.
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.
c) They were cavalry units.
d) They were foreign mercenaries.

Answer
b) They were recruited from Christian communities.

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his conquests in North Africa and the Middle East, including Egypt and the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
a) Selim I

What was the name of the elite naval force in the Ottoman Empire that was instrumental in maintaining control over the Mediterranean Sea?
a) Ottoman Armada
b) Janissary Navy
c) Imperial Marines
d) Ottoman Navy

Answer
d) Ottoman Navy

Which Ottoman sultan is known for his ambitious construction projects, including the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul?
a) Selim I
b) Suleiman the Magnificent
c) Murad II
d) Selim II

Answer
b) Suleiman the Magnificent

The Ottoman Empire was a major player in the politics of Europe. What significant battle in 1529 marked the Ottoman expansion into Central Europe?
a) Battle of Lepanto
b) Battle of Vienna
c) Battle of Mohács
d) Battle of Varna

Answer
b) Battle of Vienna

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