Islamic History MCQs

The Umayyad Caliphate MCQs with Answer

The following are The Umayyad Caliphate MCQs with answers related to Islamic Studies. We have arranged the most important and repeated MCQs in all the competitive examinations. The students can clear their concepts for The Umayyad Caliphate MCQs online quiz by attempting these.

The Umayyad Caliphate Online MCQs with Answers

Who was the founder of the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Abu Bakr
b) Umar ibn al-Khattab
c) Uthman ibn Affan
d) Muawiyah I

Answer
d) Muawiyah I

Which battle in 636 CE marked a significant victory for the Muslims against the Byzantine Empire, expanding Umayyad territory?
a) Battle of Siffin
b) Battle of Badr
c) Battle of Yarmouk
d) Battle of Uhud

Answer
c) Battle of Yarmouk

What was the first capital of the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Damascus
b) Mecca
c) Medina
d) Baghdad

Answer
a) Damascus

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Yazid ibn Muawiya

Answer
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the term for the religious pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which was controlled by the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Hajj
b) Umrah
c) Zakat
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Hajj

Who succeeded Muawiyah I as the Umayyad Caliph and is known for his lavish lifestyle and extravagance?
a) Ali ibn Abi Talib
b) Hasan ibn Ali
c) Yazid ibn Muawiya
d) Husayn ibn Ali

Answer
c) Yazid ibn Muawiya

What event in 680 CE led to the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali and is commemorated by Shi’a Muslims during Ashura?
a) Battle of Siffin
b) Siege of Mecca
c) Battle of Karbala
d) Battle of Badr

Answer
c) Battle of Karbala

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for establishing a hereditary monarchy within the Umayyad dynasty?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Muawiyah I
d) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Answer
c) Muawiyah I

What is the term for the religious tax paid by non-Muslims living in Umayyad-controlled territories?
a) Zakat
b) Jizya
c) Sadaqah
d) Khums

Answer
b) Jizya

Who was the famous governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) under the Umayyad Caliphate and established the independent Emirate of Cordoba?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Umar ibn al-Khattab
c) Abd al-Rahman I
d) Harun al-Rashid

Answer
c) Abd al-Rahman I

Which famous Umayyad Caliph is known for his tolerance of non-Muslims and promoted the use of Arabic as the administrative language?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

What is the term for the pilgrimage to the city of Medina, where the Prophet Muhammad is buried, often undertaken by Muslims in addition to the Hajj?
a) Hijra
b) Medina
c) Ziyara
d) Tawaf

Answer
c) Ziyara

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Which Umayyad Caliph is known for his contributions to Arabic poetry and was nicknamed the “Poet Caliph”?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Yazid ibn Abd al-Malik
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

What is the term for the early Islamic coins that featured calligraphy but no images, reflecting the Islamic prohibition of idolatry?
a) Dinar
b) Dirham
c) Dinero
d) Drachma

Answer
b) Dirham

Who was the famous Arab poet and courtier known for his panegyric poems praising the Umayyad Caliphs?
a) Al-Farazdaq
b) Al-Mutanabbi
c) Ibn al-Mu’tazz
d) Al-Khansa

Answer
a) Al-Farazdaq

What architectural feature is commonly found in Umayyad mosques and serves as a niche indicating the direction of Mecca for prayer?
a) Minbar
b) Minaret
c) Mihrab
d) Mihra

Answer
c) Mihrab

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Cordoba, Spain?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the decorative script used in Islamic calligraphy, often used for Quranic verses and religious texts?
a) Cursive
b) Nastaliq
c) Kufic
d) Roman

Answer
c) Kufic

Which Umayyad Caliph is known for his emphasis on administrative reforms and the use of Arabic as the official language?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the term for the practice of consensus and agreement among Islamic scholars in interpreting religious matters, often used in the absence of clear Quranic or Hadith guidance?
a) Sharia
b) Ijma
c) Taqwa
d) Fatwa

Answer
b) Ijma

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) who established the city of Cordoba as a center of learning and culture?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the Islamic practice of charitable giving and almsgiving, which was encouraged during the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Zakat
b) Ijma
c) Hajj
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Zakat

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) known for his expeditions into France, including the Battle of Tours?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
c) Al-Mansur

What is the term for the extensive collection of sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, considered a primary source of Islamic law and guidance?
a) Tafsir
b) Ijma
c) Sunnah
d) Hadith

Answer
c) Sunnah

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for initiating the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the term for the early Islamic coins that featured calligraphy but no images, reflecting the Islamic prohibition of idolatry?
a) Dinar
b) Dirham
c) Dinero
d) Drachma

Answer
b) Dirham

Who was the famous Arab poet and courtier known for his panegyric poems praising the Umayyad Caliphs?
a) Al-Farazdaq
b) Al-Mutanabbi
c) Ibn al-Mu’tazz
d) Al-Khansa

Answer
a) Al-Farazdaq

What architectural feature is commonly found in Umayyad mosques and serves as a niche indicating the direction of Mecca for prayer?
a) Minbar
b) Minaret
c) Mihrab
d) Mihra

Answer
c) Mihrab

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for establishing a hereditary monarchy within the Umayyad dynasty?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Muawiyah I
d) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Answer
c) Muawiyah I

What is the term for the pilgrimage to the city of Medina, where the Prophet Muhammad is buried, often undertaken by Muslims in addition to the Hajj?
a) Hijra
b) Medina
c) Ziyara
d) Tawaf

Answer
c) Ziyara

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Cordoba, Spain?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the practice of consensus and agreement among Islamic scholars in interpreting religious matters, often used in the absence of clear Quranic or Hadith guidance?
a) Sharia
b) Ijma
c) Taqwa
d) Fatwa

Answer
b) Ijma

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) who established the city of Cordoba as a center of learning and culture?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the Islamic practice of charitable giving and almsgiving, which was encouraged during the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Zakat
b) Ijma
c) Hajj
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Zakat

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) known for his expeditions into France, including the Battle of Tours?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
c) Al-Mansur

What is the term for the extensive collection of sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, considered a primary source of Islamic law and guidance?
a) Tafsir
b) Ijma
c) Sunnah
d) Hadith

Answer
c) Sunnah

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for initiating the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

What is the term for the early Islamic coins that featured calligraphy but no images, reflecting the Islamic prohibition of idolatry?
a) Dinar
b) Dirham
c) Dinero
d) Drachma

Answer
b) Dirham

Who was the famous Arab poet and courtier known for his panegyric poems praising the Umayyad Caliphs?
a) Al-Farazdaq
b) Al-Mutanabbi
c) Ibn al-Mu’tazz
d) Al-Khansa

Answer
a) Al-Farazdaq

What architectural feature is commonly found in Umayyad mosques and serves as a niche indicating the direction of Mecca for prayer?
a) Minbar
b) Minaret
c) Mihrab
d) Mihra

Answer
c) Mihrab

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for establishing a hereditary monarchy within the Umayyad dynasty?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Muawiyah I
d) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Answer
c) Muawiyah I

What is the term for the pilgrimage to the city of Medina, where the Prophet Muhammad is buried, often undertaken by Muslims in addition to the Hajj?
a) Hijra
b) Medina
c) Ziyara
d) Tawaf

Answer
c) Ziyara

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Cordoba, Spain?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the practice of consensus and agreement among Islamic scholars in interpreting religious matters, often used in the absence of clear Quranic or Hadith guidance?
a) Sharia
b) Ijma
c) Taqwa
d) Fatwa

Answer
b) Ijma

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) who established the city of Cordoba as a center of learning and culture?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
b) Abd al-Rahman I

What is the term for the Islamic practice of charitable giving and almsgiving, which was encouraged during the Umayyad Caliphate?
a) Zakat
b) Ijma
c) Hajj
d) Sawm

Answer
a) Zakat

Who was the famous Umayyad governor of Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) known for his expeditions into France, including the Battle of Tours?
a) Tariq ibn Ziyad
b) Abd al-Rahman I
c) Al-Mansur
d) Al-Walid ibn Yazid

Answer
c) Al-Mansur

What is the term for the extensive collection of sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, considered a primary source of Islamic law and guidance?
a) Tafsir
b) Ijma
c) Sunnah
d) Hadith

Answer
c) Sunnah

Who was the Umayyad Caliph responsible for initiating the construction of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus?
a) Umar ibn al-Khattab
b) Uthman ibn Affan
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
d) Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik

Answer
c) Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button